Teaching PE & Health in the Elementary Grades Midterm - Lesson 5: Good Nutrition

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18 Questions

What is the main function of proteins in the body?

Proteins maintain healthy bones, muscles, and skin

Which type of fat is liquid at room temperature?

Polyunsaturated fat

What is the primary dietary source of omega-3 fatty acids?

Canola oil

Which nutrient is essential for nerve and muscle function?


Which food group is a good source of saturated fats?

Full-fat dairy products

Which nutrient is vital for maintaining the right balance of fluids in the body?


What is the primary purpose of good nutrition?

To maintain health by providing vital nutrients

Which components of food are macronutrients?

Carbohydrates, protein, fats

What is the role of phytochemicals in the body?

Serving critical functions in the body

Why are vitamins and minerals important for the body?

For healthy development, disease prevention, and well-being

In what way do macronutrients differ from micronutrients?

Macronutrients provide essential calories while micronutrients do not

Which statement accurately describes the relationship between diet and health?

A balanced diet is essential for optimal health

What is the main source of energy in the body?


Which nutrient is known as the building blocks of proteins?

Amino Acids

How does the body absorb amino acids?

Through the small intestine into the blood

Which type of nutrient does the body convert into glucose for energy?


What is the main sugar found in the blood?


Which of the following nutrients can lower high cholesterol levels?


Study Notes

Nutrients and Nutrition

  • Nutrients are chemicals compounds in food that are used by the body to function properly and maintain health.
  • Examples of nutrients include proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Nutrition is about eating a healthy and balanced diet to provide energy and nutrients for overall health.

Types of Fats

  • Polyunsaturated fat is a type of fat that is liquid at room temperature.
  • There are two types of polyunsaturated fatty acids: omega 6 fatty acids (found in liquid vegetables like corn oil and soybean oil) and omega 3 fatty acids (found in plant sources like canola oil, flaxseed, and walnuts).
  • Saturated fat is a type of fat that is solid at room temperature, found in full-fat dairy products (like butter, cheese, cream, and whole milk).

Importance of Protein

  • Protein is found in every living cell in the body and is necessary for building and maintaining bones, muscles, and skin.
  • Protein can be obtained from meat, dairy products, nuts, and certain grains and beans.

Sodium and Blood Glucose

  • Sodium is an essential element that helps with nerve and muscle function and maintains fluid balance in the body.
  • Table salt is made up of sodium and chlorine, and is also known as sodium chloride.
  • Blood glucose, also known as blood sugar, is the main sugar found in the blood and provides energy for the body.

Calories and Carbohydrates

  • Calories are a unit of energy found in food, and are provided by carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and alcohol.
  • Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose (blood sugar) in the digestive system, which is then used by the body for energy.

Importance of Good Nutrition

  • Good Nutrition means eating a balanced and healthy diet to ensure the body gets the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals.
  • Good Nutrition is essential for reducing the risk of diseases, improving overall health, and maintaining energy levels.

Macronutrients and Micronutrients

  • Macronutrients (carbohydrates, protein, and fat) provide energy and maintain the body's structure and systems.
  • Micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) are vital for healthy development, disease prevention, and well-being, and are needed in small amounts.
  • Food also supplies phytochemicals that serve various functions to ensure the body operates optimally.

Explore the concept of good nutrition and learn about the importance of eating a balanced and healthy diet. Understand how to plan meals and snacks that are nutrient-dense and low in calories to support your body's overall health and well-being.

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