Synthetic Seeds Quiz
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Synthetic Seeds Quiz

Test your knowledge of synthetic seeds with this quiz! Explore the types, characteristics, and uses of synthetic seeds, also known as artificial seeds or somatic seeds. See how much you know about this innovative technology for plant propagation.

Created by
@DefeatedBlueLaceAgate

Questions and Answers

Synthetic seeds are defined as artificially encapsulated somatic embryos, shoot buds, cell aggregates or any other tissue that can be used for sowing a seed and that possess the ability to convert into a plant under in vitro or ex vitro conditions and that retain this potential also after storage.

True

Hydrated synthetic seeds are produced by encapsulating the somatic embryos or somatic propagules in hydrogel capsules.

True

Dessicated synthetic seeds are formed by mixing equal volume of embryo suspension and 5% of polyethylene oxide, which subsequently dried to form poly-embryonic dessicated seeds.

True

One of the applications of synthetic seeds is the production of large number of identical embryos.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

Synthetic seeds can be used for micropropagation.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

Synthetic seeds determine the roles of endosperm in embryo development and germination.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

Synthetic seeds can increase the dormancy period of a plant.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Synthetic seeds propagation has low cost and high volume capabilities.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

Germplasm conservation of endangered species through cryopreservation of synseeds is a potential application.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

Facilities required for synthetic seeds are not costly.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Synthetic Seeds Definition

  • Artificially encapsulated somatic embryos, shoot buds, cell aggregates, or other tissues that can be sown like seeds and grow into plants in vitro or ex vitro conditions.
  • Retains growth potential even after storage.

Types of Synthetic Seeds

  • Hydrated synthetic seeds: encapsulating somatic embryos or propagules in hydrogel capsules.
  • Dessicated synthetic seeds: mixing embryo suspension with 5% polyethylene oxide, then drying to form poly-embryonic seeds.

Applications of Synthetic Seeds

  • Production of large numbers of identical embryos.
  • Micropropagation.
  • Determining the role of endosperm in embryo development and germination.
  • Increasing the dormancy period of a plant.
  • Low-cost and high-volume propagation capabilities.

Conservation and Facilities

  • Germplasm conservation of endangered species through cryopreservation of synthetic seeds.
  • Facilities required for synthetic seeds are not costly.

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