Surgical Procedures and Medical Terminology Quiz

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37 Questions

Which chamber of the heart receives oxygen-rich blood as it returns from the lungs?

Left atrium

What is the function of the Sinoatrial (SA) node in the heart?

Conducting and distributing impulses across the atria

What type of blood vessels carry blood away from the heart?

Arteries

Which circulation system includes the blood supply to the heart?

Coronary Artery System

What is the term used for the highest pressure resulting from ventricular contraction?

Diastolic

Which word root refers to a vessel?

Vas(o), Vascul(o)

What is the normal range for blood pressure as mentioned in the text?

<120 over 80 mmHg

What specialty area focuses on the study of disorders of the heart?

Cardiology

What does the prefix 'De-' mean?

To do the opposite

What is a CABG surgery primarily used for?

Bypassing blockages in coronary arteries

What does 'Endarterectomy' involve?

Surgically removing the intimal lining of an artery

What does 'Angiopathy' refer to?

A disease of the blood vessels

What is the term for a condition characterized by low blood pressure?

Hypotension

What does the term 'Tachycardia' refer to?

Fast heart rate

What is the term for the escape of fluid into the pericardial sac?

Pericardial effusion

What does 'Myocardial Infarction (MI)' specifically refer to?

Necrosis of part of the cardiac muscle due to coronary artery obstruction

The left ventricle is the upper chamber that receives blood from the right atrium.

False

Arterioles are small arteries that lead into the capillaries.

True

Venules carry blood away from the heart.

False

Systemic circulation involves the circulation to all parts of the body except the lungs.

True

An interventional cardiologist can only perform basic cardiac procedures.

False

A cardiac surgeon performs major procedures on the heart and the vessels.

True

Electrophysiology deals with the relationship between electrical phenomena and biological function.

True

Doppler echocardiography uses ultrasound imaging to evaluate blood flow patterns in the heart.

True

Diuretics are primarily used to treat high blood pressure and swelling caused by heart failure.

True

Digoxin is used to speed up heart rate and decrease the force of heart contractions.

False

Platelets are important for the blood clotting process.

True

Basophils are involved in promoting inflammation in the body.

True

Hypertension is characterized by low blood pressure.

False

Tachycardia refers to a heart rate that is faster than 100 beats per minute.

True

Pericardial effusion is the escape of fluid into the peritoneal sac.

False

Murmur refers to a vibration felt over an area of the patient's body caused by turbulent blood flow.

False

Hypotension is characterized by a high blood pressure due to inadequate pressure in the arteries.

False

Myocardial Infarction (MI) is caused by an obstruction of the coronary artery affecting the heart's ability to pump.

True

A murmur is a condition where the heart beats at a rate slower than 60 beats per minute.

False

Pericardial effusion involves the escape of fluid into the pericardial sac.

True

Tachycardia is a condition where the heart beats slower than 70 beats per minute.

False

Test your knowledge of surgical procedures and medical terminology, including bypass, graft, CABG, and defibrillation. Learn about shunting blood, connecting tissues or organs, open heart surgeries, and medical prefixes.

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