Pharm I (Part B)

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49 Questions

What is a potential benefit of glucosamine?

Stimulating cells to make cartilage and synovial fluid

What is a potential risk associated with glucosamine?

Causing risk for bleeding

What can stimulate melatonin secretion?


what is the action of ACE inhibitors?

stops the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II

Match the Classes

ACE inhibitors = end in PRIL calcium channel blocker = end in DIPINE ARBs = end in SARTAN beta blockers = end in LOL

ACE inhibitors and ARBs can be prescribed together


2 common adverse effects seen with ACE inhibitors are ____ and ____

ACE inhibitors should be avoided in pregnant women and lactation


Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker (ARBs) should be administered with or without meals?

with meals!

you should avoid grapefruit with which?

Calcium channel blockers

A pt takes verapril which is important to avoid

grapefruit juice

the nurse is providing education to a pt who takes captopril which adverse effect should be mentioned

dry cough

Why should the nurse be vigilant after administering antihypertensives to an older client?

To monitor for falls resulting from orthostatic hypotension

a group of students are reviewing antihypertensive meds, which blocks angiotensin II receptor blocker


What question is important to ask a 45 yr old client who is starting angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARBs)

if she is on her period

When educating nurses on ACE inhibitors what is the action brought by aldosterone?

causes sodium and water retention

A client takes atorvastatin which aspect of client teaching is most important

call provider if muscle pain develops

Pt takes atrovastatin what is the biggest adverse effect


Pharmacology instructor is discussing meds for treatment of dyslipidemia, which drug class is the most used

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (Statins)

Cancer pain and receives morphine ever 2 hrs what should you watch for

respiratory depression

A nurse is caring for a pt with low back pain who has taken a lot of ibuprofen what could happen

GI irritation

A 4 yr old w chickenpox cant take aspirin because it can cause ___ syndrome

Nurse is aware that aspirin lowers fever but reduced pain because it inhibits production of ______

if a patient is fatigue, malnourished, and low hemoglobin can the pt has a deficiency of B12 and folic acid


Where do we go to if biological weapons?


vasodilators is used only in non emergency hypertension


Which should you avoid to give that can have an interaction with a vasodilator

Sildenafil (viagra)

Cacium channel blocker can be used during pregnancy


who should you not give a beta blocker (metoprolol)


HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (STATINS) increases LDL and decreases HDL


common contraindication with fenofibrate

gallbladder disease

3 common side effects of opioids

  • respiratory depression
  • hypotension
  • constipation

Naloxone (Narcan) is Used for

opioid reversal

which is used for acute pain with kidney stones

ketorolac (toradol)

should not be given to an older adult due to toxic effects

naproxen (aleve)

which works in the hypothalamus to cause sweating and vasodilation


You should not exceed ___ g per day for tylenol

Acetaminophen is the most common analgesic drug for children


Whic treats inflammatory conditions such as MI

Aspirin (Bayer)

Huge risk for reye syndrome and should not be used in children


Drugs that can provide pain relief for specific types of pains, Use of these is indicated when opioids are not enough


match the meds

salicylates = aspirin (bayer) opioid agonist = hydrocodone (Norco) opioid agonist antagonist = buprenorphine (buprenex) opioid antagonist = naloxone (narcan)

match the meds

analgesics = acetaminophen (Tylenol) NSAIDs = ibuprofen (Advil) ACE inhibitor = lisinopril (prinivil) Angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARBs) = losartan (cozaar)

match the med

beta blocker = metoprolol alpha 1 adrenergic blocker = doxazosin vasodilator = hydralazine fibrates = fenofibrate

reversal for tylenol overdose


common adverse effect for a analgesic is hepatotoxicity


Which increases GABA


What does this stand for? (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors) ACE Inhibitor: A A C E

Avoid during pregnant Angioedema Cough Elevates K+

When it comes to ACE inhibitors you should monitor what?

fluid status

Test your knowledge of supplements and their effects on the body with this quiz! Explore the benefits and potential risks of glucosamine and melatonin, including their impact on joint health, inflammation, sleep disorders, and mood.

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