States of Matter: Solids, Liquids, Gases, and Plasma
18 Questions
5 Views
3.7 Stars

States of Matter: Solids, Liquids, Gases, and Plasma

This quiz covers the states of matter including their properties and phase changes. It also discusses endothermic and exothermic processes, as well as the characteristics of plasma as the fourth state of matter.

Created by
@DiligentDeStijl

Questions and Answers

Which state of matter has a definite shape and fixed volume?

Solids

Which state of matter takes the shape of its container and can be poured from one container to another?

Liquids

Which state of matter has a very low density and is highly compressible?

Gases

What is the fourth state of matter, an ionized gas that conducts electricity?

<p>Plasma</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do we call the transition of a substance from one state of matter to another, such as ice melting to become water?

<p>Phase change</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which process releases heat when it occurs, such as freezing and condensation?

<p>Exothermic process</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which state of matter has a definite volume but not a definite shape?

<p>Gas</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do we call the process of a substance transitioning directly from a solid to a gas without passing through the liquid state?

<p>Sublimation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for processes that release heat when they occur, such as freezing and condensation?

<p>Exothermic</p> Signup and view all the answers

In which state of matter are particles ionized and can conduct electricity?

<p>Plasma</p> Signup and view all the answers

What do we call the property of matter that allows it to be poured from one container to another and take the shape of its container?

<p>Fluidity</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which phase change occurs when a substance transitions from a gas directly to a solid without passing through the liquid state?

<p>Deposition</p> Signup and view all the answers

How many electrons does a nitrogen atom have in its neutral state?

<p>7</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the total number of electrons in the chloride ion?

<p>18</p> Signup and view all the answers

For which type of ions is the electron configuration filled up to the highest energy level?

<p>Positively charged ions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the electron configuration of the Fe 2+ ion?

<p>$1s^22s^22p^63s^23p^63d^7$</p> Signup and view all the answers

How does the electron configuration of a negatively charged ion compared to the parent atom?

<p>It adds electrons to the highest energy level.</p> Signup and view all the answers

In which energy levels are the sublevels 2s and 2p filled for the nitrogen atom?

<p>Second energy level</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

  • The text discusses the states of matter: solids, liquids, gases, and plasma.
  • Solids have a definite shape and fixed volume. They are rigid and have a high density.
  • Liquids have no definite shape but a definite volume. They take the shape of their container and can be poured from one container to another. They have a higher density than gases.
  • Gases have a very low density and are highly compressible. They can flow through pipes and have a definite volume but not a definite shape.
  • Phase changes occur when a substance transitions from one state of matter to another. For example, ice melts to become water when heat is added, and water boils to become steam when more heat is added.
  • Solid to gas transition is called sublimation, and an example is dry ice.
  • Endothermic processes are those that need heat to occur, such as melting, vaporization, and sublimation.
  • Exothermic processes are those that release heat when they occur, such as freezing, condensation, and deposition.
  • Plasma is the fourth state of matter, an ionized gas. It conducts electricity and is present in places like the sun and neon signs.
  • To create plasma, you can add heat or electricity to a gas. When the ions and electrons recombine, they emit light and heat energy.

Studying That Suits You

Use AI to generate personalized quizzes and flashcards to suit your learning preferences.

Quiz Team

More Quizzes Like This

Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser