Sports Psychology Fundamentals

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스포츠 심리학에서 수행 향상을 위하여 개발하는 기술은 무엇입니까?

멘탈 스킬스

스포츠 심리학에서 상처 재활을 지원하는 방법은 무엇입니까?

릴렉세이션 TECHNIQUE

What is the definition of sports psychology?

Study of the psychological factors that affect participation and performance in sports and exercise

스포츠 심리학에서 팀의 결속력을 측정하는 것은 무엇입니까?

코히션

스포츠 심리학에서 성과 향상을 위한 주요 전략은 무엇입니까?

멘탈 스킬스 트레이닝

What is the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation?

Intrinsic motivation is for personal enjoyment, extrinsic motivation is for external rewards

스포츠 심리학에서体育 활동과 건강한 라이프 스타일을 지원하는 것은 무엇입니까?

엑서사이즈 앤 헬스

What are the three innate psychological needs that drive motivation according to Self-Determination Theory?

Autonomy, competence, and relatedness

What is the difference between confidence and self-efficacy?

Confidence is believing in one's ability to perform a task, self-efficacy is believing in one's ability to execute the skills required

스포츠 심리학에서 팀원 간의 정보 교환을 hỗ助하는 것은 무엇입니까?

커뮤니케이션

What is the source of self-efficacy?

Mastery experiences, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and emotional arousal

What is competitive anxiety?

Feelings of apprehension, worry, and tension in competitive situations

Study Notes

Definition and Scope

  • Sports psychology is the study of the psychological factors that affect participation and performance in sports and exercise.
  • It combines psychology and exercise science to understand the mental and emotional aspects of sports and exercise.
  • Sports psychologists work with athletes, coaches, and teams to improve performance, enhance well-being, and overcome challenges.

Key Concepts

Motivation

  • Intrinsic motivation: participating in sports for personal enjoyment and satisfaction.
  • Extrinsic motivation: participating in sports for external rewards, such as recognition or awards.
  • Self-determination theory: people have three innate psychological needs – autonomy, competence, and relatedness – that drive motivation.

Confidence and Self-Efficacy

  • Confidence: believing in one's ability to perform a task or achieve a goal.
  • Self-efficacy: believing in one's ability to execute the skills required to achieve a goal.
  • Sources of self-efficacy: mastery experiences, vicarious experiences, verbal persuasion, and emotional arousal.

Goal Setting

  • Specificity: setting specific, clear goals.
  • Realism: setting achievable goals.
  • Challenge: setting challenging yet attainable goals.
  • Goal orientation: focusing on performance goals (e.g., winning) or mastery goals (e.g., improving skills).

Anxiety and Stress

  • Competitive anxiety: feelings of apprehension, worry, and tension in competitive situations.
  • Coping strategies: techniques used to manage anxiety and stress, such as relaxation, visualization, and self-talk.

Team Dynamics

  • Cohesion: the degree to which team members are united and work together towards a common goal.
  • Communication: exchanging information and ideas among team members.
  • Roles and responsibilities: clear definition of each team member's role and responsibilities.

Mental Skills Training

  • Imagery: using mental images to rehearse and prepare for performance.
  • Self-talk: using positive and negative self-statements to influence performance.
  • Relaxation techniques: methods to reduce anxiety and stress, such as deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, and visualization.

Applications

  • Performance enhancement: improving athletic performance by developing mental skills and strategies.
  • Injury rehabilitation: using sports psychology to aid in the recovery and rehabilitation of injured athletes.
  • Youth sports: promoting positive youth development and healthy participation in sports.
  • Exercise and health: using sports psychology to promote physical activity and healthy lifestyles.

Explore the basics of sports psychology, including motivation, confidence, goal setting, anxiety, team dynamics, and mental skills training. Learn how sports psychology is applied to enhance performance, aid in injury rehabilitation, and promote healthy lifestyles.

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