Sociology: Talcott Parsons and Social Order

caitlin_ishana avatar

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

29 Questions

What is the primary focus of Parsons' work?

The social system and social interaction

What is the relationship between biological drives and the social system, according to Parsons?

Biological drives are socially developed and influenced by the social system

What is the cultural system, according to Parsons?

The social stock of knowledge, symbols, and ideas

What is the role of individuals in Parsons' social system?

Individuals are passive recipients of social and cultural influences

What is the relationship between the social system and the personality system, according to Parsons?

The personality system is a product of the social system

What is the basis of social order according to Knapp?

Norms and values of people around them

What do the pattern variables describe, according to Parsons' scheme?

Societal norms and values

What is the role of conditioning and learning in Parsons' theory?

Conditioning and learning influence the development of individual personalities

What was Talcott Parsons' area of specialty in sociology?

Structural functionalism

What is a characteristic of affective neutrality in social interactions?

Deferred gratification

Where did Talcott Parsons do his graduate work?

London School of Economics and Heidelberg, Germany

What is the focus of collectivity-oriented actions?

Collective or shared interests

How do particularism and diffuseness relate to affectivity?

They are associated with affectivity

What was the title of Talcott Parsons' major work published in 1937?

The Structure of Social Action

What position did Talcott Parsons hold in 1949?

President of the American Sociological Association

What is a key aspect of Weber's sociological perspective?

Motivation and meaning

What is the context for our social actions, according to the text?

Social context with others

Who influenced Talcott Parsons' theory?

Emile Durkheim

According to Parsons, what is the importance of the latent function?

It is on the same level as the other three functions in a system.

How did Marx view social reproduction?

He took it for granted and spent little time analyzing it.

What happens to the AGIL functions as societies develop?

They evolve and institutions develop different functions.

Where were the AGIL functions typically centered in traditional societies?

In family and kinship structures, and in local communities.

How did Durkheim approach the latent function?

He recognized the problem, but did not develop it further.

What happens to roles and functions in complex societies?

They become more differentiated.

What is a characteristic of a modern, complex society?

Specialized functions and roles develop, and specialized institutions evolve

What is a possible way that specialized functions and roles can develop?

Through a natural, evolutionary process

What is a key aspect of bureaucracies?

They have consciously worked out organizational structures

What is a relevant perspective on social change?

That of Talcott Parsons

Who compared society to the human body?

Herbert Spencer

This quiz covers the life and influences of Talcott Parsons, a prominent figure in structural functionalist sociology, and his contributions to understanding social order. Test your knowledge of Parsons' theories and their impact on sociology. Explore how values and norms shape social behavior and social order.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free
Use Quizgecko on...