Social Determinants of Health Quiz

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32 Questions

Which sociodemographic determinants of health are discussed in Week 3?

Gender, age, and socioeconomic status

According to the WHO (2002), why do health policies need to recognize the differences between men and women?

Due to their biological differences and gender roles

What is the trend in life expectancy for Australians between 1976 and 2018?

The life expectancy for both men and women has increased significantly

What are the First Nations owners of the lands where QUT now stands?

Turrbal and Yugara

What model is discussed in relation to behavior change in Week 3?

COM-B Model (Behaviour Change Wheel)

Which theory is introduced as a part of sociodemographic determinants of health in Week 3?

Intersectionality theory

What is the global life expectancy for women?

74.2

Which of the following is a biological explanation for women's longevity?

Protective effects of oestrogen

What is a social/behavioral determinant that men are more likely to engage in compared to women?

Risky driving

Which organization published the report 'Mainstreaming gender equity in health: The need to move forward: Madrid Statement'?

World Health Organization

What is the average life expectancy gap between women and men in high-income countries?

4.4 years

Which physiological system associated with childbearing is hypothesized to lower the risk of CHD (Coronary heart disease) prior to menopause?

Reproductive system

What do women have higher levels of despite living longer than men?

Morbidity

What are men less likely to do compared to women regarding their health?

Seek healthcare

In which type of countries would the life expectancy gap between women and men likely be wider if all countries had equitable access to healthcare for women?

All countries

What is a biological determinant of health related to women's longevity?

Physiological changes during pregnancy

Which perspective does critical health psychology adopt?

Critical approach

What is one of the assumptions underpinning health psychology that critical health psychology aims to evaluate?

Self-determination as less valuable than collaboration

What does critical health psychology tend to downplay, according to the module overview?

The role of social factors and institutions in health

In what way does individualism assumption in health psychology contribute to a predominant belief?

It contributes to the belief that individual health is predominantly influenced by individuals themselves

What factor tends to be valued more than collaboration in predominantly individualistic societies according to critical health psychology?

Self-determination

What does critical health psychology aim to challenge related to the influence on individual health?

Institutional influence on individual health

According to the text, health psychology is often used to support a biomedical agenda, which may lead to:

Victim blaming and obscuring social factors

In the context of epistemological assumptions, the crisis in social psychology in the 1970s was due to the challenge of the assumption that:

There is an objective truth and unmediated access to it

The Behaviour Change Wheel, introduced as an alternative, is mentioned to be a new method for characterizing and designing behavior change interventions in:

Implementation Science

The Individualism Assumption in health psychology aligns with which ideology?

An ideology fitting well with understanding individual behavior

The Emergence of Critical Health Psychology aims to contribute to promoting public health by:

Challenging victim blaming and addressing broader social determinants of health

According to the text, what does health psychology propose to follow?

A biopsychosocial model

'The health belief model' is cited in the text as a method discussed in:

Prediction Health Behaviour: Research and practice with social cognition models

What is mentioned as a consequence of using health psychology to support a biomedical agenda?

Obscuring social factors such as poverty, race, and class

In the context of epistemological assumptions, the crisis in social psychology in the 1970s was due to the challenge of the assumption that:

There is an objective truth and unmediated access to it.

What is mentioned as a challenge to psychological research in recent years?

Increasingly challenging the realist assumption.

Study Notes

Sociodemographic Determinants of Health

  • Health policies need to recognize the differences between men and women because women are disadvantaged in many areas, including health, according to WHO (2002).
  • Life expectancy for Australians has increased from 1976 to 2018.

First Nations and QUT

  • The First Nations owners of the lands where QUT now stands are the Turrbal and Jagera peoples.

Behavior Change Model

  • The Behavior Change Wheel model is discussed in relation to behavior change in Week 3.

Theories and Determinants

  • The theory of sociodemographic determinants of health is introduced in Week 3.
  • Biological determinants of health related to women's longevity include the physiological system associated with childbearing, which lowers the risk of CHD prior to menopause.

Global Life Expectancy

  • The global life expectancy for women is higher than men.

Life Expectancy Gap

  • The average life expectancy gap between women and men in high-income countries is 4-5 years.
  • The life expectancy gap between women and men would likely be wider in low-income countries if all countries had equitable access to healthcare for women.

Health Behavior and Gender

  • Women have higher levels of health-seeking behavior and are more likely to engage in healthy behaviors.
  • Men are more likely to engage in risky behaviors and are less likely to engage in health-seeking behaviors compared to women.

Critical Health Psychology

  • Critical health psychology adopts a critical perspective that challenges the individualism assumption in health psychology.
  • Critical health psychology aims to evaluate the assumption that health is primarily an individual responsibility.
  • Critical health psychology tends to downplay the role of individual factors in health.
  • Critical health psychology aims to challenge the influence of sociodemographic determinants on individual health.
  • The individualism assumption in health psychology aligns with a neoliberal ideology.
  • The Emergence of Critical Health Psychology aims to contribute to promoting public health by challenging the dominant biomedical approach.

Health Psychology and Biomedical Agenda

  • Health psychology is often used to support a biomedical agenda, which may lead to overlooking the social and environmental determinants of health.
  • Using health psychology to support a biomedical agenda may lead to a focus on individual behavior change rather than addressing the root causes of health problems.

Epistemological Assumptions

  • The crisis in social psychology in the 1970s was due to the challenge of the assumption that knowledge is objective and value-free.
  • The challenge to psychological research in recent years is the need to recognize the importance of social and cultural contexts in shaping health behaviors.

The Health Belief Model

  • The health belief model is a method discussed in Week 3 as a way to understand behavior change.
  • The health belief model proposes that people will engage in health behaviors if they believe they are susceptible to a health problem, believe the problem is serious, and believe the benefits of taking action outweigh the costs.

Test your knowledge about the social determinants of health with a focus on gender, age, socioeconomic status, and culture. Explore the impact of these factors on health outcomes and disparities.

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