Search and Rescue

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25 Questions

What is one of the procedures that rescuers should follow to ensure they are fit for rescue operations?

Eating, drinking fluids, resting, and relaxing

Which of the following is NOT a recommended safety procedure for rescuers during operations?

Entering unstable structures

During victim removal, what type of carry involves holding the victim's back and under their knees?

One-Person Arm Carry

What is the correct technique for lifting heavy loads during rescue operations?

Bending the knees, keeping the back straight, and pushing up with the legs

In which type of victim removal should rescuers allow victims to extricate themselves when possible?

Self-removal or assist

What is the purpose of shining flashlights from different directions around the area during a search operation?

To eliminate shadows that could hide victims.

What does making a diagonal slash next to the door before entering a structure signify?

The area is dangerous and should not be entered.

What is the purpose of making an 'X' slash after all occupants have been removed from a structure?

To signal to other potential searchers that the area has been searched.

Why is it important to keep complete records of both removed and trapped/deceased victims during rescue operations?

To inform emergency services personnel when they reach the scene.

What are the 3 goals of all rescue operations mentioned in the text?

To maintain rescuer safety, triage in damaged buildings, and evacuate victims quickly while minimizing additional injury.

What is the correct order of priorities during search and rescue operations?

Safety of CERT members, life safety for victims and others, protection of the environment, protection of property

What is the purpose of developing plans of action in search and rescue operations?

To focus the operation on established priorities and decisions

What should be the first step in locating potential victims during search operations?

Conduct a sizeup of the interior of the building

What is a common feature of 'pancake voids' in buildings before 1933?

Floors collapsing into each other due to wall weakening or destruction

What should be done while putting a plan into action during search and rescue operations?

Evaluate progress and safety continually

What does the 'sizeup' operation in search and rescue involve?

Assessing the situation and determining an action plan

During the day, where is the greatest need for search and rescue according to the text?

Commercial buildings

How can the construction type of a structure impact search and rescue operations?

It indicates the likely number of victims and their location

Why is severe weather an important consideration in search and rescue operations?

It impacts both victims and rescuers, hampering rescue efforts

What is a key factor CERT members should consider when assessing the situation during a search and rescue operation?

Hazards present in the environment

What is the recommended method to begin the search for potential victims in a collapsed building?

Calling out to victims

Why is it important to stop frequently and listen during search operations in a collapsed building?

To listen for tapping, movement, or voices

What should rescuers do if any victims respond to their calls during a search operation in a collapsed building?

Ask for information about the building or others who may be trapped

What is the purpose of using triangulation in search and rescue operations?

To locate potential victims from different perspectives

Why is it suggested to use a systematic search pattern during search operations in a collapsed building?

To ensure that all areas of the building are covered

Study Notes

Search and Rescue Operations

Conducting Search Operations: Locating Potential Victims

  • Three rescuers, guided by victim sounds, form a triangle around the area and direct flashlights into the area to eliminate shadows that could hide victims.
  • Mark searched areas to document results, making a single diagonal slash next to the door just before entering a structure, and an opposite slash (creating an "X") when all occupants have been removed and search and rescue efforts have been completed.

Reporting Results

  • Keep complete records of removed victims and those who remain trapped or are dead.
  • Report this information to emergency services personnel when they reach the scene.

Conducting Rescue Operations

Goals of Rescue Operations

  • To maintain rescuer safety
  • To triage in lightly and moderately damaged buildings
  • To evacuate victims as quickly as possible from moderately damaged buildings while minimizing additional injury

Safety Precautions

  • Know your limitations as a rescuer
  • Take the time to eat, drink fluids, rest, and relax to return with a clear mind and improved energy
  • Follow safety procedures, including working in pairs, not entering unstable structures, lifting correctly, and carrying loads safely

Removing Victims

  • Types of victim removal include self-removal or assist, lifts and drags
  • Carry techniques include:
    • One-Person Arm Carry
    • One-Person Pack-Strap Carry
    • Two-Person Carry
    • Chair Carry

Search and Rescue Sizeup

  • Step 5: Establish priorities
  • Step 6: Make decisions based on priorities
  • Step 7: Develop plans of action
  • Step 8: Take action and evaluate progress

Sizeup: Gathering Facts

  • Consider the time of event and day of week
  • Consider the type of structure and its construction type
  • Consider the weather and potential hazards
  • Gather information by talking to bystanders or those familiar with the structure

Search and Rescue Operations

  • Sizeup involves assessing the situation and determining a safe action plan
  • Search involves locating victims and documenting their location
  • Rescue involves the procedures and methods required to extricate the victims

Learn about establishing priorities, making decisions, and developing action plans in Search and Rescue operations. Understand the order of priorities including safety of team members, life safety, environmental protection, and property protection.

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