Roman Empire

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5 Questions

Who was granted overarching power and the new title of Augustus in 27 BC?

Octavian

What event conventionally marks the end of classical antiquity and the beginning of the Middle Ages?

The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476

Where did Rome expand its rule to during its peak?

Most of the Mediterranean and beyond

Who emerged victorious at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC?

Octavian

What marked the assumption of sole rule under the Principate in 31 BC?

Octavian's assumption of sole rule

Study Notes

Rise of the Roman Empire

  • Octavian (later known as Augustus Caesar) was granted overarching power and the new title of Augustus in 27 BC.

Transition to the Middle Ages

  • The fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD conventionally marks the end of classical antiquity and the beginning of the Middle Ages.

Expansion of the Roman Empire

  • At its peak, Rome expanded its rule to territories including Britain, Gaul, Spain, and much of North Africa, Asia Minor, and the Middle East.

Battle of Actium

  • Octavian (later known as Augustus Caesar) emerged victorious at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC against Mark Antony and Cleopatra.

The Principate

  • The Battle of Actium in 31 BC marked the assumption of sole rule under the Principate, with Octavian (Augustus Caesar) as the first Emperor of Rome.

Test your knowledge of the Roman Empire with this quiz! Explore the history, geography, and key events of this ancient civilization, from its rise under the Principate to the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476.

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