Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Newborns

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10 Questions

What is a common complication associated with severe hypoxemia related to meconium aspiration, RDS, pneumonia, and diaphragmatic hernia?

Retinopathy of prematurity

Which infection may mimic RDS and require culture and antibiotic administration while awaiting culture reports?

B-hemolytic streptococcal infection

What is a characteristic feature of transient tachypnea often seen in infants born via cesarean section?

High respiratory rate reaching 80 to 120 cpm

What is a common assessment finding in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?

Petechiae in the lungs

What is the recommended position for putting newborns to sleep to reduce the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)?

On their backs or sides

What is a management strategy for apnea in infants?

Using apnea monitors to sound alarms

Which of the following is a common cause of Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

Infants of diabetic mothers

What is the main cause of Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

Lack of surfactant

Which of the following is a characteristic assessment finding in an infant with Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

Cyanotic mucous membranes

What is the purpose of administering nitric oxide in the therapeutic management of Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

To dilate pulmonary arterioles

This quiz covers the characteristics, causes, and assessment of Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS) in newborns, also known as Hyaline Membrane Disease. It includes information about the formation of fibrous membrane, common risk factors, and assessment indicators such as hypothermia, difficulty in respiration, and cyanotic mucous membranes.

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