Physical Geography of Western and Southern Europe

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Which region of Continental Western Europe is known for its production of flowers and vegetables?


Which Southern European country was ruled by a monarchy until 1910 and then by a dictatorship until 1974?


Which period marks the time when Ancient Greece was under Roman control?

146 BC to AD 324

Which European country has the highest life expectancy?


In which economic sector do Southern European economies find the most growth?


Which European country is known for having the most ethnically diverse population?


'Risorgimento' is a term associated with the unification of which European peninsula?


'Byzantine control' over the Balkan peninsula lasted from what year to what year?

324 to 1453

What is the primary reason for Atheists and Agnostics to deny the existence of any kind of supernatural deity?

Lack of evidence

Which Natural resource is considered unique in Continental Western Europe due to its impact on soil fertility?


Which region in continental western Europe is known for its unique physical landform of Polders?

The Great European Plain

What is the warm, dry wind experienced in the Alps during winter called?


Which mountain range is part of the Alpine Mountain System in continental western Europe?


Which sea is NOT located in southern Europe?

Baltic Sea

Which river does NOT flow through Portugal or Spain?


Which country is situated on the Iberian Peninsula?


Which climate is characteristic of Western Europe?

Marine-West-Coast Climate

Which of the following is NOT part of the Central Uplands in continental western Europe?


Which body of water borders both France and the United Kingdom?

North Sea

Which river is associated with Italy?


Polders are parcels of land reclaimed from deserts in continental western Europe.


The Black Forest is part of the Western Alps in continental western Europe.


The Adriatic Sea is a body of water located in southern Europe.


The Danube River flows through Portugal and Spain.


The foehn wind in the Alps can cause sudden earthquakes.


The Pyrenees Mountains are located in the Iberian Peninsula.


Meseta is a region in the Italian Peninsula.


Lake Zurich is located in southern Europe.


The Mediterranean Sea borders both France and Germany.


Portugal and Spain are part of southern Europe.


The United Kingdom is still a member of the European Union as of 2019.


France has the lowest percentage of government control among the G20 countries.


Italy was never ruled by a dictatorship under Mussolini.


Spain is currently ruled by a dictatorship.


Greece was under Ottoman control from 1453 to 1821.


Switzerland is not a member of NATO.


Andorra has a population where more than 50% are native Andorrans.


Atheists are certain that God exists.


The service sector is not the main driver of the Southern European economies.


All Southern European nations have free-market economies.


Match the following European countries with their most important natural resources:

France = Wheat, sugar beets, grapes, vegetables, barley Germany = Barley, rye, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets Netherlands = Flowers, vegetables Switzerland = Dairy products, timber, coal

Match the following European regions with their unique physical landforms:

Continental Western Europe = Polders Iberian Peninsula = Pyrenees Mountains Italian Peninsula = Meseta Balkan Peninsula = Diamond, gold, uranium

Match the following Southern European countries with their historical ruling systems:

Portugal = Monarchy until 1910, dictatorship until 1974 Spain = Dictatorship until 1973, constitutional monarchy Italy = Dictatorship under Mussolini, republic since 1946 Greece = Roman control: 146 BC to AD 324

Match the following statements on demographics with the correct European countries:

France has a decline in birthrates. = France Switzerland has the highest life expectancy. = Switzerland Less than 50% of the population is native Andorran. = Andorra Native population maintains a clear majority with some minority population. = Most European countries

Match the following economic statements with the correct Southern European countries:

Strongest economy in Southern Europe. = Switzerland Depend on tourism to strengthen economy. = Portugal, Spain, Italy Mixed economy. = Portugal, Spain, Italy Free-market economy. = Greece and Andorra

Match the following bodies of water with their locations:

Adriatic Sea = Southern Europe Baltic Sea = Northern Europe English Channel = Western Europe Mediterranean Sea = Western & Southern Europe

Match the following mountain ranges with their locations:

Alps = Western & Southern Europe Apennine Mountains = Southern Europe Pyrenees = Iberian Peninsula Black Forest = Western Europe

Match the following rivers with their countries:

Danube = Germany Elbe = Germany Rhine = Switzerland Seine = France

Match the following unique physical landforms with their descriptions:

Polders = Reclaimed land from the sea Dikes = Walls to restrain water flow Foehn winds = Warm, dry winds in the Alps Avalanches = Caused by sudden foehn winds

Match the following regions with their respective countries:

Meseta = Spain Andorra = Andorra Gozo and Malta = Malta Sicily = Italy

Match the following peninsulas with their countries:

Iberian Peninsula = Portugal, Spain Italian Peninsula = Italy Balkan Peninsula = Greece

Match the following lakes with their countries:

Lake Constance = Germany, Switzerland, Austria Lake Geneva = Switzerland, France Lake Zurich = Switzerland Lake Como = Italy

What is the primary reason for Atheists and Agnostics to deny the existence of any kind of supernatural deity?

They believe God is a human invention

What is the main characteristic of the people of Germany, Austria, and Switzerland according to the text?

Low-content culture

Which environmental issue is highlighted in the text as a major concern in Germany?

Water scarcity

Which European region is known for its emphasis on environmental conservation according to the text?

Continental Western Europe

What cultural aspect makes the Southern European nations unique compared to many Americans?

Rhythm of labor, leisure, and meals

What ideology are Atheism and Agnosticism constructed in opposition to according to the text?


Match the following beliefs with their descriptions:

Atheism = Denies the existence of any supernatural deity Agnosticism = Claims humans cannot know for sure if God exists

Match the following countries with their unique environmental initiatives:

Germany = Passive houses Switzerland = Special garbage bags

Match the following environmental issues with their impacts:

Many large cities struggle with air pollution = Germany Forests damaged by acid rain = Continental Western Europe

Match the following cultural traits with their regions:

Low-content culture and surface-level relationships = Germany, Austria, Switzerland Legendary French cuisine and popular classical music = France

Match the following descriptions with their regions of Europe:

Blend of ancient cultures and unique rhythm of labor and leisure = Southern Europe Most environmentally conscious region with initiatives like bicycling = Continental Western Europe

Match the following historical ruling systems with Southern European countries:

Monarchy until 1910, then dictatorship until 1974 = Spain Historical ruling systems not specified in the text = Italy

Atheists are certain that God does not exist.


The theory of evolution provided agnostics with the explanation to the origin of the universe they were looking for.


Southern European cultures have a high-context culture where relationships can exist on a deep level for a short time.


Forests in many large cities have been damaged by acid rain.


Germany is known for its passive houses.


Classical music is not popular in cultures of Southern Europe.


Study Notes

Physical Geography of Western and Southern Europe

  • The Western Uplands include Brittany Peninsula and Central Uplands, comprising Massif Central, Jura Mountains, the Ardennes, and the Black Forest.
  • The Great European Plain includes the Aquitaine Basin and the Alpine Mountain System, with Western Alps, Central Alps, Eastern Alps, and the Pyrenees.
  • Unique physical landforms include polders (land reclaimed from the sea) and dikes (strong walls to restrict water flow).
  • Bodies of water include the Atlantic Ocean, Adriatic Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, Baltic Sea, North Sea, English Channel, and Bay of Biscay.
  • Major rivers and lakes include the Danube, Elbe, Rhine, Seine, Tagus, Po, Tiber, Maritsa, Struma, Lake Constance, Lake Geneva, and Lake Zurich.

Climates of Western and Southern Europe

  • Western Europe has a marine-west-coast climate.
  • In the Alps, people can experience a warm, dry wind in winter called a foehn, which can cause sudden avalanches.
  • Climates in Southern Europe vary based on proximity to large bodies of water and elevation, including Mediterranean, semiarid, continental, and tundra climates.

Resources of Western and Southern Europe

  • The most important natural resource in Western Europe is fertile soil, caused by loess.
  • France is famous for wheat, sugar beets, grapes, vegetables, barley, and dairy products.
  • Germany is known for barley, rye, wheat, potatoes, sugar beets, and dairy products.
  • The Netherlands is famous for flowers, vegetables, dairy products, timber, coal, and hydroelectric power.
  • Southern Europe's resources include iron ore, zinc, lead, copper, coal, diamond, gold, uranium, and cork.

Human Geography and History

  • The nations of Western Europe have become united under the European Union (EU).
  • Germany was split for much of the twentieth century, while France has gone through several governments.
  • The Iberian Peninsula includes Portugal, Spain, Meseta, Andorra, and the Pyrenees Mountains.
  • Italian peninsula includes Italy, Alps, Apennine Mountains, Sicily, Gozo, and Malta.
  • The Balkan Peninsula includes Greece, with a history in five periods: Ancient Greece, Roman control, Byzantine control, Ottoman control, and Greek independence.

Governments and Economies

  • The European Union (EU) is an organization of 28 countries, as of 2019.
  • Most EU members are part of NATO, with Switzerland maintaining neutrality.
  • Most countries have a representative government.
  • Germany is the economic powerhouse of Europe, while France has the highest percent of government control.
  • Switzerland has the strongest economy.
  • Southern European economies are driven by the service sector, with Portugal, Spain, and Italy having mixed economies, and Greece and Andorra having free-market economies.

Demographics and Religion

  • All countries except France have a decline in birthrates.
  • France is the most ethnically diverse nation, with Switzerland having the highest life expectancy.
  • In most countries, the native population maintains a clear majority with some minority population.
  • Andorra is distinct in that less than 50 percent of its population is native Andorran.
  • Atheism and agnosticism are human ideologies constructed in opposition to God.

This quiz covers the physical geography regions of western Europe including the Western Uplands, Brittary Peninsula, the Great European Plain, the Alpine Mountain System, and unique physical landforms like Polders and Dikes. Chapters 10 and 13 are specifically focused.

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