p53 Tumor Suppressor Functions Quiz

CoolestKazoo avatar

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

12 Questions

What are the regulatory components of Cdks mentioned in the text?

Activating phosphates, inhibitory phosphates, phosphatases, cyclins

Which proteins are associated with driving cell cycle progression inappropriately?


What is a common function of tumor suppressor proteins mentioned in the text?

Inhibiting cell cycle progression

Which type of therapy is suggested for p53 proteins in the context of cancer treatment?

Gene therapy to deliver functional copies

How do phosphorylation events at different sites on a protein lead to different effects, such as activation or inhibition?

By inducing different conformational and allosteric changes in the protein

What is the main cause of cancer?

Loss of function of proteins that inhibit cell cycle progression and inappropriate expression of proteins that drive cell cycle progression

Is Wee1 kinase classified as a proto-oncogene or a tumor suppressor?

Tumor suppressor

What role do Cdk inhibitor proteins (CKIs) play in regulating Cdks?

They maintain Cdks in an inactive state until needed

What is the role of p53 in response to DNA damage?

Initiates apoptosis in damaged cells

Why is p53 considered an important tumor suppressor?

It activates transcription of genes involved in cell cycle arrest

What happens when SCF adds ubiquitin to CKIs in the cell?

Targets CKIs for degradation

How does Li Fraumeni syndrome relate to TP53 mutations?

A defective TP53 allele in Li Fraumeni syndrome leads to a high cancer risk

Study Notes

Cell Cycle Regulation

  • Cdks (Cyclin-dependent kinases) have regulatory components that control cell cycle progression.
  • Proteins associated with driving cell cycle progression inappropriately include Cdks and Cyclins.

Tumor Suppressor Proteins

  • Tumor suppressor proteins, such as p53, function to suppress tumor formation by regulating cell cycle progression and inducing apoptosis (programmed cell death).
  • p53 therapy is suggested for cancer treatment, highlighting its importance in preventing tumorigenesis.

Phosphorylation Events

  • Phosphorylation events at different sites on a protein can lead to different effects, such as activation or inhibition, depending on the site and context.


  • The main cause of cancer is uncontrolled cell growth and division, often resulting from mutations in genes that regulate cell growth and division.

Wee1 Kinase

  • Wee1 kinase is classified as a tumor suppressor, as it negatively regulates Cdk activity.

Cdk Inhibitor Proteins (CKIs)

  • CKIs play a crucial role in regulating Cdks by inhibiting their activity, thereby controlling cell cycle progression.

p53 Response to DNA Damage

  • p53 responds to DNA damage by inducing cell cycle arrest, DNA repair, or apoptosis, thereby preventing the propagation of damaged cells.

Importance of p53

  • p53 is considered an important tumor suppressor due to its role in maintaining genomic stability and preventing tumorigenesis.

SCF-Mediated Ubiquitination

  • When SCF (Skp, Cullin, F-box) adds ubiquitin to CKIs, it targets them for proteasomal degradation, leading to Cdks activation and cell cycle progression.

Li Fraumeni Syndrome

  • Li Fraumeni syndrome is a rare genetic disorder characterized by TP53 mutations, which increases the risk of developing cancer.

Test your knowledge on the functions of the important tumor suppressor p53 in regulating cell cycle and apoptosis. Learn about how p53 responds to DNA damage and controls the fate of damaged cells.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Use Quizgecko on...