Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry Lecture 6
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Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry Lecture 6

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Questions and Answers

Which element is NOT found in the molecular formula of glucose, fructose, and galactose?

Nitrogen

Which type of sugar has only one subunit?

Deoxyribose

What type of bond joins the two sugar subunits in disaccharides?

Polar covalent bond

In which type of reaction are disaccharides broken down?

<p>Hydrolysis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Where is glycogen primarily found in the body?

<p>Liver and skeletal muscle</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of molecule is formed by the covalent binding of some polysaccharides with proteins and lipids?

<p>Glycoproteins and glycolipids</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following statements about hydrocarbons is true?

<p>Hydrocarbons can exist in both chain and ring forms.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of functional groups in organic compounds?

<p>To make the compound more hydrophilic.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the process by which monomers are linked together to form polymers?

<p>Dehydration synthesis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following best describes the relationship between monomers and polymers?

<p>Monomers are the building blocks of polymers.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary difference between organic and inorganic compounds?

<p>Organic compounds are produced by living organisms, while inorganic compounds are not.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the relationship between isomers and hexoses?

<p>Isomers are used to define hexoses.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the process by which polymers are broken down into monomers?

<p>Hydrolysis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following statements about carbohydrates is true?

<p>They often have hydroxyl (-OH) functional groups.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following carbohydrates is important in the structure of our genetic material?

<p>Deoxyribose</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the classification for carbohydrates based on the number of carbon atoms in their molecular structure?

<p>Pentoses (5 carbons) and hexoses (6 carbons)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following statements about glucose, fructose, and galactose is correct?

<p>They are isomers with the same chemical formula but different structural formulas.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary role of carbohydrates in the body?

<p>Storing and providing energy</p> Signup and view all the answers

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