Nutrition and Fluid Therapy
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Nutrition and Fluid Therapy

Test your knowledge on nutrition and fluid therapy for malnutrition patients. Learn about the risks of complications and increased mortality rates associated with inadequate nutritional reserves. Discover the prevalence of malnutrition in surgical patients and those with prolonged hospital stays.

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@SubstantivePeridot4089

Questions and Answers

Match the following organs or tissues with their ability to utilize glucose for metabolic needs initially:

Brain tissue = Can initially utilize only glucose for metabolic needs Muscle = Cannot initially utilize only glucose for metabolic needs Renal medulla = Can initially utilize only glucose for metabolic needs Liver = Becomes an organ of glucose production under fasting conditions

Match the following conditions with their associated risks:

Starvation or signs of malnutrition = Higher risk of complications and death Short fast lasting 12 hours or less = Fall in plasma insulin levels and rise in glucagon levels

Match the following patients with the prevalence of malnutrition:

Surgical patients with gastrointestinal disease = About 30% Patients with prolonged hospital stay due to postoperative complications = Up to 60%

Match the following substances with their conversion or role during fasting:

<p>Liver glycogen = Converted into glucose under fasting conditions Food from the last meal = Mostly absorbed after a short fast Insulin = Plasma levels fall during fasting Glucagon = Plasma levels rise during fasting</p> Signup and view all the answers

Match the following types of programming languages with their primary usage:

<p>Python = General-purpose programming JavaScript = Client-side scripting for web applications SQL = Database queries CSS = Styling web pages</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the risk of complications and death for patients with malnutrition?

<p>Patients with malnutrition have a higher risk of complications and an increased risk of death compared to patients with adequate nutritional reserves.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What percentage of surgical patients with gastrointestinal disease suffer from malnutrition?

<p>About 30% of surgical patients with gastrointestinal disease suffer from malnutrition.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What percentage of patients with prolonged hospital stay due to postoperative complications suffer from malnutrition?

<p>Up to 60% of patients with prolonged hospital stay due to postoperative complications suffer from malnutrition.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What happens to plasma insulin levels and glucagon levels during short fasting?

<p>Plasma insulin levels fall and glucagon levels rise during short fasting.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which organs initially utilize only glucose for their metabolic needs?

<p>Organs such as brain tissue, red and white blood cells, and the renal medulla initially utilize only glucose for their metabolic needs.</p> Signup and view all the answers

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