Nepal's Religious Heritage

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41 Questions

What percentage of the land area of Nepal is dominated by the Himalaya mountain range?


How many of the world's highest mountains are located in Nepal?


Which of the following is NOT true about Mount Everest?

It is not part of the Himalaya mountain range

What geographical feature dominates around 80% of Nepal's land area?

Himalaya mountain range

Which country forms a steep stairway to the world's highest mountain range?


What traditional work still continues in Sri Lanka despite efforts to build a modern economy?


Why has tourism been affected in Sri Lanka according to the text?

Years of ethnic warfare

Saudi Arabia is the leading oil producer in the world.


The Persian Gulf states have weak economies not based on oil.


Iraq is still under an international trade embargo and war.


Oil-rich Iran is not governed by Muslim religious leaders.


Afghanistan is a flat and highly developed country.


Almost all aspects of life in Saudi Arabia are influenced by the Islamic religion.


Shi'ites and Sunnis split due to an event related to the world's largest religion.


The graph at Columbia University's Middle East and Believers Who Share a Common Ground suggests what religions are practiced in the region's 10 largest nations.


In Iraq, under Saddam Hussein, Shi'ites held most of the power in the government.


The Muslim boys at religious schools in Iraq study Christianity.


Competition between Sunnis and Shi'ites might be strongest in Lebanon.


Groups outside the government in countries like Iraq have not attempted to end terrorist attacks.


The Internet is not a valuable research tool due to lack of information.


Quality information on the Internet is always accurate and reliable.


To evaluate a Web site, you must consider the source of the information and whether opinions are presented.


The Peace Corps Web site is privately sponsored.


When evaluating a Web site, it is important to check if the facts are documented and if there is a bibliography.


A useful Web site should only provide generalizations and not explore topics in depth.


Match the country with its major export:

Iraq = Oil Afghanistan = Opium Iran = Natural gas Saudi Arabia = Petroleum

Match the country with its major geographic feature:

Iraq = Tigris and Euphrates Rivers Afghanistan = Mountainous terrain Iran = Desert regions Saudi Arabia = Arabian Peninsula

Match the country with its form of government:

Iraq = Islamic republic Afghanistan = Islamic republic Iran = Islamic republic Saudi Arabia = Absolute monarchy

Match the following ethnic groups with their percentage of the population in Afghanistan:

Pashtuns = Largest ethnic group Tajiks = Second largest ethnic group Hazaras = Approximately 10% of the population Uzbeks = Significant minority group

Match the country with a key historical fact:

Iraq = Location of some of the world's oldest civilizations Afghanistan = Recently undergone sweeping political changes Iran = Strongly influenced by the Islamic religion Saudi Arabia = Leading oil producer in the world

Match the following events with the correct timeline in Afghan history:

Soviet troops invasion = 1980s Taliban rise to power = Post-Soviet era Civil war outbreak = After Soviet withdrawal Afghan people's poverty and food shortages = After Soviet departure

Match the following regions with their description in Afghanistan:

Hindu Kush mountain range = Covering most of the country Khyber Pass = Historical trade route Kabul valley = Location of the capital city Rugged peaks area = Predominant landscape

Match the following groups with their role in Afghan society:

Soviets = Invading force in the 1980s Taliban = Imposed strict Islamic laws Farmers and herders = Majority occupation Islamic school-educated fighters = Formed a leadership group

Match the following descriptions with the correct groups in Afghan society:

Men required to grow beards = Taliban's mandate Women covering completely in public = Taliban's restriction Prohibited from holding jobs or education = Taliban's rule for women Educated at Islamic schools in Pakistan = Background of Taliban fighters

Match the following terms with their related concept in Afghan history:

Civil war aftermath challenges = Poverty, food shortages, and rising crime Leadership choice during turmoil = Many turned to Taliban for direction Soviet exit impact on Afghanistan = Country collapsed into civil war Strict Islamic laws imposition = Result of Taliban's rise to power

Match the following terms with their definitions:

Alluvial plain = A flat area created by the deposition of sediment carried by rivers Embargo = A government order that restricts trade with a specific country Shah = Title for a monarch in Iran Islamic republic = A form of government in which Islam is the official religion and the laws are based on Islamic teachings

Match the following countries with their major exports:

Iraq = Oil Iran = Oil Afghanistan = Rugs

Match the following countries with their dominant ethnic groups:

Iraq = Kurds Iran = Persians Afghanistan = Pashtuns

Match the following countries with their types of government:

Iraq = Republic Iran = Islamic republic Afghanistan = Transitional government

Match the following events with their causes:

Invasion of Iraq by American and British forces = Accusations of weapons of mass destruction possession Afghan people turning to the Taliban for leadership after Soviet departure = Desire for stability and resistance against warlords Collapse of Taliban government in Afghanistan = Accusations of supporting terrorists after 9/11 attacks Creation of new Afghan government by the United Nations = Collaboration with local leaders post-Taliban collapse

Match the following countries with their geographical locations:

Iraq = Between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers Iran = Between the Caspian Sea and Persian Gulf Afghanistan = Bordering Tajikistan and Uzbekistan

Study Notes

Buddhism and Nepal

  • Gautama, also known as the Buddha or "Enlightened One," was born in the Kathmandu region around 563 B.C.
  • He taught that people could find peace from life's troubles by living simply, doing good deeds, and meditating.
  • Buddhism later spread to other parts of Asia.
  • Today, Hinduism is Nepal's official religion, but Buddhism is also practiced in the country.
  • Nepal is home to temples and monuments of both religions.


  • Bhutan is a small kingdom located east of Nepal, with a size similar to Indiana.
  • The country is divided into three landforms: the Himalaya mountains, foothills, and subtropical plains and river valleys along the border with India.
  • The climate is mild in the foothills, with thick forests covering much of the area.
  • Over 90% of Bhutan's people are subsistence farmers, living in the fertile mountain valleys and growing crops such as cardamom, oranges, rice, corn, and potatoes.
  • The country is trying to develop its economy, but the high mountains slow progress.
  • Building roads is difficult, and there are no railroads.

Economy and Culture of Nepal and Bhutan

  • In Nepal, about 85% of people live in rural villages, while a growing number live in Kathmandu, the capital and largest city.
  • Nepal is a parliamentary democracy ruled by a prime minister, who is appointed by the king.
  • Bhutan is also trying to develop its economy, but faces challenges due to its rugged terrain.
  • The country has a rich cultural heritage, with people related to those in northern India and Tibet.
  • The Sherpa people are known for their skill in guiding mountain climbers.

South Asia

  • The region is home to a diverse range of countries, including mountainous Nepal and Bhutan, and the island countries of Sri Lanka and the Maldives.
  • The Himalaya mountains are a major landform of Nepal and Bhutan.
  • The region is home to many different cultures and religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam.

Economic Activity in South Asia

  • The main economic activities in South Asia include subsistence farming, commercial farming, and manufacturing.
  • In Nepal, people grow crops such as rice, corn, and potatoes, and herd cattle and yaks.
  • In Bhutan, people grow crops such as cardamom, oranges, rice, corn, and potatoes, and herd cattle and yaks.
  • The region is rich in natural resources, including coal, iron ore, and petroleum.

Map Skills

  • The map on page 650 shows the location of Nepal, Bhutan, and other countries in South Asia.
  • The map can be used to identify the main landforms, rivers, and mountain ranges in the region.

Explore the religious heritage of Nepal, including the influence of Buddhism and Hinduism. Learn about the historical background and cultural significance of temples and monuments in the country.

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