Mental Health Disorders and Cultural Considerations Quiz

AwesomeParrot avatar

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

30 Questions

What is the difference between fear and anxiety?

Fear is an emotional response to a real or perceived imminent threat, while anxiety is the anticipation of a future threat.

What is the focus of treatment when fear and anxiety become maladaptive?

Maladaptive cognitions and behaviors

When do worry thoughts and avoidance behaviors associated with anxiety become considered 'abnormal'?

When they become excessive, long-lasting, and/or developmentally inappropriate.

What are some common physical symptoms associated with fear and anxiety?

Heart palpitations, hyperventilation, muscle tension

What are fear and anxiety initially associated with, in terms of physical symptoms?

Heart palpitations, hyperventilation, escape behaviors

What are fear and anxiety considered when they are excessive, long-lasting, and/or developmentally inappropriate?


What is the most common class of mental disorders?

Anxiety disorders

Which disorder involves marked fear or anxiety about situations exposing the individual to possible scrutiny by others?

Social Anxiety Disorder

What is the prevalence rate for Social Anxiety Disorder like globally?

Higher in the US

Which disorder involves excessive fear or anxiety about separation from home or attachment figures?

Separation Anxiety Disorder

What is the likelihood of women being diagnosed with an anxiety disorder compared to men?

60% more likely

What is the characteristic feature of Panic Disorder?

Recurrent, unexpected panic attacks

What is the distinction between anxiety attack and panic attack?

Anxiety attack is expected and situation-specific, while panic attack is unexpected and random

What is the lifetime prevalence of Panic Disorder?


What is the main characteristic of Agoraphobia?

Fear or anxiety about situations and thoughts of being unable to escape or receive help

What are the treatment options for anxiety?

Exposure and response prevention, biofeedback, psychopharmacotherapy, skills training, and cognitive-behavioral therapy

What is the characteristic of Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD)?

Absent or underdeveloped attachment between a child and caregiving adults

What is the purpose of paradoxical intervention in panic disorder?

To confront and overcome the fears by doing the opposite of what one is afraid of

Which of the following is a misconception about PTSD?

PTSD will just go away on its own

What was PTSD initially termed during World War I?

Shell shock

What is the estimated lifetime risk of developing PTSD in the U.S.?


What mnemonic device outlines the key symptoms of PTSD?


What is Disinhibited Social Engagement Disorder (F94.2) characterized by?

Overly familiar behavior towards unfamiliar adults

What term was PTSD initially labeled as before being officially added to the DSM in 1980?

Gross Stress Reaction

Which of the following is a characteristic of Acute Stress Disorder (ASD)?

It lasts 3 days to 1 month and should not be mistaken for a normal reaction to trauma

What is a key factor contributing to resilience according to psychological research?

Individual worldview

What is a characteristic of Prolonged Grief Disorder?

It is diagnosed when intense yearning for the deceased and identity disruption persist for at least 12 months

Which treatment is specifically mentioned as effective for PTSD in children/adolescents?

SSRIs, SNRIs, and Propranolol

What is the primary focus of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) as a treatment for PTSD?

Education, cognitive restructuring, relaxation training, and stress management

What is the primary difference between Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and PTSD?

Duration of symptoms

Study Notes

Mental Health Disorders and Cultural Considerations

  • PTSD prevalence varies based on DSM criteria, age, and ethnoracial background
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment for PTSD, involving education, cognitive restructuring, relaxation training, and stress management
  • Trauma-Focused CBT and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing are also effective treatments for PTSD
  • Pharmacotherapy for children/adolescents with PTSD includes SSRIs, SNRIs, and Propranolol
  • Acute Stress Disorder is similar to PTSD but lasts 3 days to 1 month and should not be mistaken for a normal reaction to trauma
  • Adjustment Disorders develop in response to an identifiable stressor and can lead to emotional or behavioral symptoms within 3 months
  • Prolonged Grief Disorder is diagnosed when intense yearning for the deceased and identity disruption persist for at least 12 months
  • Cultural practices around the world include unique grief rituals such as tearing a piece of clothing in Jewish traditions and sky burials in Tibetan Buddhism
  • Resilience is the successful adaptation to challenging life experiences through mental, emotional, and behavioral flexibility
  • Factors contributing to resilience include individual worldview, social resources, and coping strategies
  • Psychological research shows that resilience can be cultivated and practiced
  • Contextual factors and cultural considerations play a significant role in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health disorders

Test your knowledge of mental health disorders and cultural considerations with this informative quiz. Explore topics such as PTSD prevalence, evidence-based treatments, pharmacotherapy, grief disorders, resilience, and the impact of cultural practices on diagnosis and treatment.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Use Quizgecko on...