Medication Side Effects and Anti-TNF Therapy Quiz
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Medication Side Effects and Anti-TNF Therapy Quiz

Test your knowledge on medication side effects and Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor Therapy (Anti-TNF) agents like Infliximab, Adalimumab, Golimumab, and Certolizumab. Learn about the administration and efficacy of Infliximab in treating Crohn's disease.

Created by
@BoundlessObsidian4130

Questions and Answers

Which of the following statements about Budesonide is true?

It is released entirely in the colon

What is the goal of using hydrocortisone enemas in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

To prevent flare-ups by targeting specific areas of inflammation

Why should glucocorticoids not be used for maintaining remission in IBD?

They should not be used due to their risk of significant side effects increasing with prolonged use

What role do glucocorticoids like hydrocortisone play in the treatment of IBD?

<p>Suppressing inflammation to induce remission in active disease</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common adverse effect associated with the long-term use of glucocorticoids in IBD treatment?

<p>Bone marrow depression and increased risk of infections</p> Signup and view all the answers

How does Budesonide differ from traditional corticosteroids in the treatment of IBD?

<p>Budesonide targets specific areas of inflammation in the intestine</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which alternative treatment for IBD involves a combination with anti-TNF therapy and has synergistic anti-inflammatory activity?

<p>Purine Analogs</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a common side effect associated with glucocorticoid use in IBD treatment?

<p>Hypertension and hyperglycemia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What role do purine analogs play in the treatment of IBD?

<p>They are used to reduce or eliminate the need for corticosteroids</p> Signup and view all the answers

In cases where patients do not respond well to traditional IBD treatments, which alternative therapy might be considered?

<p>Tofacitinib (Janus Kinase Inhibitor)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the median time to clinical response with chronic administration of infliximab for moderate to severe Crohn disease?

<p>2 weeks</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main purpose of anti-integrin agents in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

<p>Prevent influx of inflammatory cells into intestinal lesions</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which statement about the side effects of glucocorticoids in IBD treatment is true?

<p>They can lead to leukopenia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the approved dosing regimen for infliximab in the maintenance of remission for Crohn’s disease?

<p>Every 8 weeks</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main goal of using hydrocortisone enemas in the treatment of IBD?

<p>To reduce inflammation in the colon</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the FDA-approved glucocorticoid for the treatment of moderate to severe IBD?

<p>Budesonide</p> Signup and view all the answers

How long does it generally take for improvement to occur in most patients with Crohn’s disease after initiating glucocorticoid treatment?

<p>5 days</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the preferred route of administration for active cases of IBD in the rectum and sigmoid colon?

<p>Hydrocortisone enemas, foam, suppositories</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are some serious side effects associated with glucocorticoids in the treatment of IBD?

<p>Osteoporosis, hyperglycemia, gastric ulcers</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is maintenance treatment with systemic glucocorticoids not recommended?

<p>Increased susceptibility to infections</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the mechanism of action of Vedolizumab (VDZ) in treating intestinal lesions?

<p>Suppresses inflammatory cell recruitment selectively in the intestine</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which therapy is considered a second-line treatment for patients with moderate to severe Crohn’s Disease who have failed other therapies?

<p>Ustekinumab</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common adverse effect associated with Vedolizumab (VDZ) treatment?

<p>Nasopharyngitis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which statement is true regarding the administration of Ustekinumab?

<p>Initial dose as IV infusion</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary goal of using anti-Integrin agents in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

<p>Preventing leukocyte migration to intestinal lesions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the mechanism of action of anti-integrin agents in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

<p>Preventing the influx of inflammatory cells into intestinal lesions</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which anti-IBD drug is classified as an Anti-IL-12/23 Therapy?

<p>Ustekinumab</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a significant adverse effect associated with Vedolizumab (VDZ) therapy?

<p>Hepatitis B reactivation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following statements about Ustekinumab is true?

<p>Has a prolonged median time to clinical response</p> Signup and view all the answers

What potential outcome is observed when infliximab therapy is discontinued, even after prolonged remission?

<p>High rate of disease flare</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the black box warning issued by the FDA in 2019 regarding Tofacitinib (Xeljanz)?

<p>Increased risk of thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and death with higher doses</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a recommended precaution before starting treatment with Tofacitinib (Xeljanz) to reduce the risk of herpes zoster reactivation?

<p>Vaccinate with Shingrix 3-4 weeks prior to treatment</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which interleukins involved in mucosal inflammation are influenced by interruption of the signaling pathway by certain medications?

<p>IL-12 and IL-23</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a significant reason why Tofacitinib (Xeljanz) should not be taken concurrently with other immunosuppressants?

<p>Higher risk of infections</p> Signup and view all the answers

At what point is it recommended to discontinue Tofacitinib (Xeljanz) if there is no response observed?

<p>By 16 weeks of treatment</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which medication is classified as an anti-IL-12/23 therapy for the treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

<p>Ustekinumab</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a potential adverse effect associated with Vedolizumab (VDZ) therapy in the treatment of IBD?

<p>Reactivation of tuberculosis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following medications is an Alpha-4 integrin inhibitor used in the treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

<p>Vedolizumab</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the goals of using Anti-Integrin agents in the treatment of Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

<p>Promoting mucosal healing</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which biologic therapy aims for inhibition of interleukins 12 and 23 in patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

<p>Ustekinumab</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main reason behind Vedolizumab (VDZ) having little systemic immunosuppression?

<p>It acts selectively in the intestine</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which therapy is considered a second-line treatment for moderate to severe Crohn’s Disease patients who have not responded to other treatments?

<p>Ustekinumab</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common adverse effect associated with the Ustekinumab therapy for Crohn’s Disease?

<p>Upper respiratory infection</p> Signup and view all the answers

How does Vedolizumab (VDZ) achieve its therapeutic effects in treating intestinal lesions?

<p>By selectively inhibiting lymphocyte trafficking in the intestine</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which medication acts by blocking cell signaling, cytokine production, and gene activation, resulting in the inhibition of cell-mediated responses important in inflammation of Crohn’s disease?

<p>Ustekinumab</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a potential outcome when patients discontinue Vedolizumab therapy for inflammatory bowel disease?

<p>High rate of disease flare</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common adverse effect associated with the long-term use of Vedolizumab (VDZ) in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease?

<p>Arthralgia</p> Signup and view all the answers

In the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, which therapy aims to inhibit interleukins 12 and 23?

<p>Ustekinumab</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the notable adverse effects associated with Vedolizumab therapy in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease?

<p>Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML)</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which therapy blocks the action of integrins in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease?

<p>Anti-Integrin Therapy</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the mechanism of action of Vedolizumab (VDZ) in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease?

<p>Interfering with α4β7 integrin-mediated leukocyte migration</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a common adverse effect associated with Vedolizumab (VDZ) therapy in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease?

<p>Anaphylaxis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the goals of using anti-Integrin agents in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)?

<p>Reducing gut-specific inflammation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which medication is classified as an Anti-IL-12/23 Therapy for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease?

<p>Ustekinumab</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a significant adverse effect associated with Vedolizumab (VDZ) therapy in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease?

<p>Opportunistic infections</p> Signup and view all the answers

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