Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming and C++ Language

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12 Questions

What is the primary focus in procedure-oriented programming?

Functions

Which programming paradigm attempts to eliminate pitfalls of conventional programming methods?

Object-oriented programming

What is a key feature of object-oriented programming that distinguishes it from procedural programming?

Focus on objects and classes

Which of the following programming languages is typically associated with procedural programming?

COBOL

What does the term "OOP" stand for?

Object-Oriented Programming

Which of the following statements is true about object-oriented programming?

It is a way of organizing and developing programs.

Which approach does procedural programming follow?

Top-down approach

What is a characteristic of object-oriented programming?

Data is more important than functions

Which type of programming is based on the real world?

Object-oriented programming

What is a disadvantage of procedural programming?

Global data is vulnerable to inadvertent changes

Which programming paradigm allows for overloading?

Object-oriented programming

Which of the following is an example of a procedural programming language?

C

Study Notes

Programming Paradigms

  • Procedure-oriented programming is a top-down approach that focuses on functions and algorithms.
  • Object-oriented programming is a bottom-up approach that focuses on objects and data.

Key Features of Procedure-Oriented Programming

  • Divided into small parts called functions.
  • No access specifiers (private, public, protected).
  • Difficult to add new data and functions.
  • No data hiding, so less secure.
  • Function is more important than data.
  • Examples: C, FORTRAN, Pascal, Basic.

Key Features of Object-Oriented Programming

  • Divided into small parts called objects.
  • Access specifiers: private, public, protected.
  • Easy to add new data and functions.
  • Data hiding, so more secure.
  • Data is more important than function.
  • Examples: C++, Java, Python, C#.

Limitations of Procedure-Oriented Programming

  • Global data is vulnerable to inadvertent change by a function.
  • Difficult to identify what data is used by which function.
  • Revising an external data structure requires revising all functions that access the data.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)

  • A new way of organizing and developing programs.
  • Incorporates structured programming features with new concepts.
  • Not language-specific, but not all languages can implement OOP concepts easily.

This quiz covers the basic concepts of object-oriented programming, features, advantages, and applications. It also includes an introduction to the C++ language, covering topics such as streams, variables, constants, decision making, looping statements, arrays, and more.

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