Industrial Revolution History Quiz- Written by Lecturer M. Angelis-

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Why did farmers move to cities during the Industrial Revolution?

They were forced out of their land and had no other means of livelihood.

How did England's economy contribute to the Industrial Revolution?

By expanding economy, investing in new inventions, and developing a banking system.

What role did political stability play in England's Industrial Revolution?

It provided a conducive environment for growth and encouraged business ventures.

What impact did the enclosure movement have on small farmers?

It forced many small farmers to become tenant farmers or move to cities.

What natural resources did England have that facilitated the Industrial Revolution?

Water power, coal, iron ore, and access to rivers and harbors.

What was the significance of the seed drill in agriculture?

It significantly increased the efficiency and productivity of planting crops.

What are the factors of production?

Land, labor, and capital (wealth).

Why was Britain uniquely positioned to lead the Industrial Revolution?

Because it had all the necessary factors of production required for the Industrial Revolution.

How did the Agricultural Revolution relate to the Industrial Revolution?

By increasing food production and creating a labor force for factories.

What was the main impact of the Industrial Revolution?

It led to the mass production of goods.

What was the landscape of England dominated by around 1700?

Small farms

What was the purpose of the enclosure movement?

To consolidate land and create larger fields

Who invented the seed drill and when?

Jethro Tull in the early 1800s

What is crop rotation and why was it important?

It is a method of changing crops between seasons to avoid soil depletion.

Who improved livestock breeding through selective breeding?

Robert Bakewell

What was the impact of agricultural innovations on England's population?

An increase in population due to improved food production

What brought about a shift from hand-made to machine-made goods during the Industrial Revolution?

Technological advancements in machinery and manufacturing processes

What was a significant initial consequence of machine production during the Industrial Revolution?

It caused significant human suffering

In what ways did rapid industrialization negatively impact society during the 19th century?

It caused air and water pollution, unhealthy working conditions, and child labor issues

What was a major outcome of the Industrial Revolution in terms of class tensions?

It led to increased tensions, especially between the working class and the middle class

What is one example of a negative aspect associated with the rapid and unplanned industrialization?

Unhealthy working conditions and other ills of rapid industrialization

Did industrialization remain confined to Great Britain during the 19th century?

No, it spread to the United States and continental Europe in the 1800s

What was an example of a new industrial city in the 19th century?

Manchester

What was a significant environmental impact of the Industrial Revolution?

Contamination of soil and destruction of natural habitats

What was a major societal issue caused by industrialization?

Rise in social inequality and discrimination

How did the working class fare during the Industrial Revolution?

They often faced harsh working conditions and low wages

What was a key characteristic of industrial cities like Manchester?

Lack of infrastructure and sanitation facilities

What type of pollution was a result of industrialization?

Both air and water pollution

What economic class did the Industrial Revolution create wealth for?

Primarily the middle class

What was a significant impact of the Industrial Revolution on social structure?

Solidification of social classes with limited mobility

Was the impact of the Industrial Revolution immediate or gradual?

The positive impacts were gradual, following initial challenges and suffering

What factors contributed to sparking industrialization in Great Britain?

Favorable geography, financial systems, political stability, and natural resources

What was the economic base of Asia and Africa during the Industrial Revolution?

Agriculture and small workshops

How did industrialization affect every aspect of society?

It revolutionized daily life, life expectancy, and societal structures

What was the main impact of the Industrial Revolution on Europe's economic power?

It greatly increased Europe's economic power

What aspects of society were transformed between 1700 and 1900?

Agriculture, production, transportation, and communication

What was the role of British merchants in the Industrial Revolution?

They built the world's first factories

Did the Industrial Revolution spread beyond Great Britain?

Yes, it spread to the United States and continental Europe

What was an example of a new industrial city in the 19th century?

Manchester

What was a significant long-term impact of the Industrial Revolution on industrialized countries?

Improved standards of living, better health, and economic growth

Why was Great Britain a favorable location for the Industrial Revolution?

A conducive environment due to its geography, financial systems, and natural resources

What relationship existed between greater democratic participation and social reform?

Greater democratic participation fueled a powerful movement for social reform

How did industrialization affect job opportunities?

Created new jobs in factories and industries

What was the global impact of the Industrial Revolution?

Widened the economic gap between industrialized and non-industrialized nations

What opportunities did the development of a middle class create?

Education and increased democratic participation

What role did political stability play in Britain’s industrialization?

Provided a conducive environment for industrial growth

How did the development of new industries transform society?

Changed the way people worked and lived, and altered social structures

What was the economic system that contrasts laissez-faire capitalism?

Communism

Who was a major proponent of laissez-faire economics?

Adam Smith

What did Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo believe about population growth?

It leads to more poor and miserable people

What are the three natural laws of economics according to Adam Smith?

The law of self-interest, the law of competition, and the law of supply and demand

What does laissez-faire economics advocate?

Letting industry and business owners set working conditions without government interference

What was the stance of reformers regarding government involvement?

Reformers felt that governments need to play an active role to improve conditions for the poor

What did business leaders believe about government intervention in business?

They believed governments should stay out of business and economic affairs

What was the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the gap between the rich and the poor?

It widened the gap between the rich and the poor

What did workers do to demand more rights and protection?

They formed labor unions to increase their influence

What was an example of a new industrial city in the 19th century?

Manchester

What was a significant initial consequence of machine production during the Industrial Revolution?

Displacement of skilled artisans and craftsmen

What was a major societal issue caused by industrialization?

Child labor and harsh working conditions in factories

What was Karl Marx's prediction for the future of capitalism?

Capitalism would collapse, leading to a revolution by the proletariat

What was Robert Owen's contribution to social reform?

Improving working conditions and providing free schooling

How did industrialization affect slavery?

It contributed to the abolition of slavery

What role did women play in social reform during the Industrial Revolution?

Women led reform movements in all areas of society

What did Karl Marx believe about the nature of societal conflicts?

Societal conflicts were rooted in class struggles between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat

What was the main belief of laissez-faire economists like Adam Smith?

Belief in a free market economy without government interference

How did the early union movement in Britain and the United States progress?

It faced resistance from governments but gradually gained rights for workers

What was a significant effect of industrialization on women's rights?

It led to the formation of women's unions and movements for gender equality

What was the role of public education in the reform movement?

Public education was seen as essential for preparing good citizens and enriching minds with knowledge

How did the Industrial Revolution influence global politics and democracy?

It led to the growth of democracy in industrialized countries and new challenges both domestically and internationally

What did Marx and Engels argue in The Communist Manifesto?

They argued that societies were divided into warring classes, and the proletariat would eventually overthrow the bourgeoisie

How did industrialization influence the formation of labor unions?

Poor working conditions and the desire for political influence led workers to form unions

What was a significant effect of industrialization on working conditions?

Working conditions deteriorated due to industrialization

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