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UTS Introduction

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the study of cognitive and affective representation of individual's identity and experiences

self

relating to or involving conscious intellectual activity

cognitive

relating to or arising from feelings influence or driven by emotions

affective

importance of knowing yourself

self love, independence, clear decision making

if you know yourself, the good, the bad and the ugly, you can start to accept who you are - exactly as you are. it can feel like a challenge to accept some aspects of your character that you don’t perceive as positive, such as laziness.

SELF-LOVE

• learning to see the benefits of laziness, enjoying it and not letting it work against you will lead you to be able to embrace it as part of who you are, and to, therefore, love it. from love, you can move on to nurturing, to growing, developing, thriving and flourishing.

SELF-LOVE

self-knowledge makes you independent of the opinions of others. if you know what works for you - what is good for you and, therefore, what isn’t - it is irrelevant what others might think and advise.

INDEPENDENCE

you are the expert of your own being. you oversee your thoughts, and you are your own personality.

INDEPENDENCE

independence and self-awareness are also linked to _____________

confidence

with knowledge comes insight and confidence - and this can make the decisionmaking process (for both simple and complicated choices) much easier. there is not a lot of space for doubt once you have gained that full insight.

CLEAR DECISION MAKING

• it is important for an individual to know who you are, what you’re good for you to know your strength, your weaknesses, your genuine passion, and interest for you to know what you really want for yourself especially in choosing your course in college, in choosing career, and perhaps in choosing partners in life in the future.

CLEAR DECISION MAKING

DIFFERENT LEVELS OF UNDERSTANDING OURSELVES

PSYCHOLOGICAL LEVEL, MOLECULAR LEVEL

where we can talk about self-concepts that people apply to themselves—for example, thinking of themselves as being extroverted or introverted, conscientious or irresponsible, and the like. self-concepts also include other dimensions such as gender, ethnicity, and nationality.

PSYCHOLOGICAL LEVEL

P E R S O N A L I T Y A N D P H Y S I C A L M A K E U P A R E A F F E C T E D B Y " G E N E T I C S " A S W E L L A S " E P I G E N E T I C S " O R C H A N G E S T O I N H E R I T E D G E N E S T H A T A R E M E D I T A T E D B Y C H E M I C A L A T T A C H M E N T T H A T C A N G O B A C K O N E O R M O R E G E N E R A T I O N S .

MOLECULAR MECHANISM

understanding why people are who they are requires looking at ways in which neural operations depend on molecular processes, such as the operations of neurotransmitters and hormones

MOLECULAR LEVEL

GAINING SENSE OF SELFAWARENESS

IDENTIFY YOUR VALUES AND STRENGTH, EVALUATE YOUR THOUGHTS AND ACTIONS IN THE PAST, EXPRESSING EMOTIONS

Y O U R V A L U E S R E V E A L T H E M S E L V E S W H E N Y O U F E E L G O O D S T R O N G L Y A B O U T T H E C E R T A I N T H I N G S A N D Y O U R S T R E N G T H A R E M A N I F E S T E D I N T H E A C T I V I T I E S W H I C H Y O U A R E N A T U R A L L Y D R A W N T O W A R D S , E X C E L A N D F E E L G O O D A B O U T

IDENTIFY YOUR VALUES AND STRENGTH

involves being aware of different aspects of the self, including traits, behaviors, and feelings. essentially, it is a psychological state in which oneself becomes the focus of attention.

SELF-AWARENESS

researchers Lewis, Sullivan, Stanger, and Weiss suggested that expressing emotion involves self-awareness as well as an ability to think about oneself in relation to other people.

EXPRESSING EMOTIONS

researchers who suggested that expressing emotion involves self-awareness

Lewis, Sullivan, Stanger, and Weiss

plays an important role in developing self awareness; located in the frontal lobe region

anterior cingulate cortex

show that this region becomes activated in adults who are self-aware.

brain imaging

TYPES OF SELF AWARENESS

PUBLIC SELF AWARENESS, PRIVATE SELF AWARENESS

this type emerges when people are aware of how they appear to others. often emerges in situations when people are at the center of attention, such as when giving a presentation or talking to a group of friends.

PUBLIC SELFAWARENESS

when we are aware that we are being watched and evaluated, we often try to behave in ways that are socially acceptable and desirable.

PUBLIC SELFAWARENESS

this type happens when people become aware of some aspects of themselves, but only in a private way. for example, seeing your face in the mirror is a type of private self-awareness.

PRIVATE SELFAWARENESS

feeling your stomach lurch when you realize you forgot to study for an important test or feeling your heart flutter when you see someone you are attracted to are also examples

PRIVATE SELFAWARENESS

tend to be more aware of their feelings and beliefs and are therefore more likely to stick to their personal values. however, they are also more likely to suffer from negative health consequences such as increased stress and anxiety.

PEOPLE WHO ARE PRIVATELY SELFCONSCIOUS

tend to think more about how other people view them and are often concerned that other people might be judging them based on their looks or their actions. as a result, these individuals tend to stick to group norms and try to avoid situations in which they might look bad or feel embarrassed.

PEOPLE WHO ARE PUBLICLY SELF-CONSCIOUS

• influence our goals, strategies, and accomplishments. it is our guiding principles and assessment we make about our personal capabilities and what outcomes we expect because of our efforts.

SELF-BELIEF

dictate whether we want to pursue goals and tasks to satisfy ourselves.

CONTROL BELIEFS

result in ascribing life events and accomplishments to fate, luck, or circumstances.

diminished control beliefs

include assessments of our overall ability to achieve desired outcomes but can also reflect micro-level assessments of the perceived skills and abilities needed to complete a task, such as writing an article or installing computer software.

COMPETENCY BELIEFS

include attainment value that represents the degree of relative importance the individual places on the contemplated task

VALUE ASSESSMENT

M E A S U R E D B Y H O W M U C H A N I N D I V I D U A L S U B J E C T I V E L Y E N J O Y S D O I N G A N D C O M P L E T I N G T H E T A S K

INTRINSIC VALUE

which represents the perceived usefulness afforded to doing or mastering the task from an applied perspective

UTILITY VALUE

represents the alleged purpose for engaging in learning or the reasons a particular performance target is chosen. typically situated as an explanation of academic behavior, individuals may elect to pursue academic knowledge and personal development for either normative and appearance reasons or for the inherent satisfaction of mastering a skill or ability.

GOAL ORIENTATION

7 toxic behaviors that everyone thinks are normal

  1. insulting people and disguising it as a joke
  2. being rude but calling it honesty
  3. constantly comparing yourself to other people
  4. playing the victim and blaming other people for your behavior
  5. talking trash about the person you're dating in public
  6. complaining all the time
  7. being arrogant and calling it being confident

scoobs

means no - scooby doo a grate dane - dane means no or dehins

gumps

means thank you; forrest gump; tom hanks as in t hanks or thanks

starbs

means got it or copy; from starbucks offerss coffee --- copy

a pathological form of lying - a patient lies not to avoid painful consequences but rather to obtain internal reward or gratification

pseudologia fantastica

out of habit, can feel guilt, discomfort and awkward feeling, nothing gained from lying

compulsive lying

can be from narcissistic personality disorder or antisocial personality disorder; done for material gain or attention

pathological lying

Study Notes

Understanding Oneself

  • The study of cognitive and affective representation of an individual's identity and experiences involves conscious intellectual activity and emotional influence.
  • Knowing oneself, including both positive and negative aspects, is essential for self-acceptance and self-love.
  • Self-knowledge makes one independent of others' opinions and leads to confidence and easier decision-making.

Importance of Self-Awareness

  • Self-awareness involves understanding one's strengths, weaknesses, passions, and interests.
  • It is crucial in choosing a college course, career, and life partners.
  • Self-awareness leads to independence and confidence, making decision-making easier.

Levels of Understanding Ourselves

  • Self-concepts include dimensions such as personality, gender, ethnicity, and nationality.
  • Personality and physical makeup are affected by genetics and epigenetics.

Gaining Self-Awareness

  • Self-awareness involves being aware of one's traits, behaviors, and feelings.
  • It is a psychological state in which oneself becomes the focus of attention.
  • Researchers suggest that self-awareness plays a role in developing emotional expression.

Types of Self-Awareness

  • Public self-awareness emerges when individuals are aware of how they appear to others.
  • Private self-awareness occurs when individuals are aware of themselves in a personal way, such as seeing oneself in a mirror.

Influences of Self-Awareness

  • Self-awareness influences goals, strategies, and accomplishments.
  • It guides principles and assessments of personal capabilities and expected outcomes.
  • Self-awareness dictates whether individuals pursue goals and tasks to satisfy themselves.

Toxic Behaviors

  • Pathological lying, a form of lying for internal reward or gratification, can be a result of narcissistic personality disorder or antisocial personality disorder.

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