Hybridoma Technology for Monoclonal Antibodies

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18 Questions

What is one way to optimize in vivo production of hybridomas?

Selecting appropriate clones

Why are in vitro methods preferred for large-scale production by the pharmaceutical industry?

Ease of culture for production compared to animal use

What is a disadvantage of in vitro methods for hybridoma production?

Loss of proper glycosylation that might make the antibody unsuitable for in vivo experiments

Why might some hybridomas not grow well in culture?

The absence of feeder cells from mice

What impact does the loss of proper glycosylation of antibodies have on their use?

Accelerates clearance in vivo

Why do in vitro methods require the use of Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS)?

To limit some antibody uses

What type of cell culture systems allow only low-density cell culture?

Single-compartment systems

Which step involves the fusion of myeloma cells with immune spleen cells in hybridoma technology?

Step 4: Fusion of Myeloma Cells with Immune Spleen Cells

Which cells are used in the production of antibodies in hybridoma technology?

Myeloma cells

In hybridoma technology, what type of cell line is capable of producing one type of antibody protein for a long period?

Immortal cell line

What type of cancer forms in a type of white blood cell called a plasma cell?


Which step involves the preparation of myeloma cells in hybridoma technology?

Step 3: Preparation of Myeloma

What is the definition of polykaryocytes as mentioned in the text?

Multinucleated masses produced by the fusion of many cells

How are fully human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) produced?

By replacing a segment of the murine antibody gene with a human-derived segment in a transgenic mouse

What is the main application of monoclonal antibodies mentioned in the text?

Treating diseases like malignancies

Which of the following is NOT one of the top three grossing antibodies used in oncology as per the text?


How did antibodies obtained from human placentas contribute to medical advancements in the late 1930s?

Preventing and treating measles

Which process empowers the production of fully human monoclonal antibodies?

Hybridomas approach in a transgenic mouse

Study Notes

In Vivo Production

  • Optimal in vivo production requires reducing the invasive nature of a cell line to ensure all mice survive a production run
  • Selecting appropriate clones and altering hybridoma cell concentration injected into the peritoneal cavity of the mice can optimize production

Advantages of In Vitro Methods

  • Reduce the use of mice at the antibody-production stage
  • Preferred method for large-scale production in the pharmaceutical industry due to ease of culture and economic considerations
  • Avoids the need to submit animal protocols
  • Decreases the need for laboratory personnel experienced in animal handling

Disadvantages of In Vitro Methods

  • Some hybridomas do not grow well in culture or are lost in culture
  • Requires the use of Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS), limiting some antibody uses
  • Loss of proper glycosylation of the antibody, making it unsuitable for in vivo experiments due to increased immunogenicity, reduced binding affinity, changes in biologic functions, or accelerated clearance in vivo

Hybridoma Technology

  • Production of monoclonal antibodies involves in vivo or in vitro procedures or combinations thereof
  • Generation of mAb-producing cells requires the use of animals, usually mice
  • The procedure yields a cell line capable of producing one type of antibody protein for a long period

Steps in Producing Hybridoma Cells

  • Immunization of mice and selection of mouse donors
  • Screening of mice for antibody
  • Preparation of myeloma
  • Fusion of myeloma cells with immune spleen cells
  • Cloning of hybridoma cell lines

In Vitro Production Systems

  • Commercial in vitro systems can be split into two types: single-compartment and double-compartment systems
  • Double-compartment systems allow high-density cell culture, resulting in increased mAb concentration

Applications of Monoclonal Antibodies

  • Can be used to detect or purify substances
  • Effective in the treatment of diseases, such as malignancies
  • Examples of monoclonal antibodies used in oncology include bevacizumab, trastuzumab, and rituximab
  • Historical use in preventing or treating measles, mumps, poliomyelitis, hepatitis, and pertussis

Learn about the process of producing monoclonal antibodies using hybridoma technology, which involves generating hybrid cells capable of producing specific antibodies. This quiz outlines the steps involved in generating mAb-producing cells and the use of animals, usually mice, in the procedure.

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