Horney’s Psychoanalytic Social Theory: Module 3.1 Overview
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Horney’s Psychoanalytic Social Theory: Module 3.1 Overview

Explore Karen Horney's Psychoanalytic Social Theory and how it emphasizes the impact of social and cultural conditions on personality development, particularly influenced by childhood experiences. Learn about concepts such as Basic Hostility, Basic Anxiety, and the three coping mechanisms individuals use to combat basic anxiety.

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Questions and Answers

What is one of the greatest neurotic needs according to the text?

Power

Which behavior is associated with neurotics according to the text?

Striving for social recognition or prestige

What is a common characteristic of individuals who attach to a powerful partner according to the text?

Lacking self-confidence

Which need may drive neurotics to evaluate others based on how much they can exploit them?

<p>Power</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does the text suggest about individuals who downplay their own abilities?

<p>They remain inconspicuous and content with very little</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term used by Horney to describe people who do not have their needs for love and affection met in childhood?

<p>Basic Hostility</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT one of the fundamental styles theorized by Horney as ways people combat basic anxiety?

<p>Moving Apart</p> Signup and view all the answers

What did Horney believe to be the primary bases for neurotic and normal personality development?

<p>Social and cultural influences</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to Horney's view, what is responsible for neurotic needs according to childhood experiences?

<p>The child's way of gaining safety</p> Signup and view all the answers

Horney hypothesized that a difficult childhood primarily results in neurotic needs, which are the child's way of gaining what?

<p>Feelings of isolation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What did Horney identify as the principal source of basic anxiety?

<p>Hostile impulses</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Withdrawal' as a defense mechanism according to Horney's theory can lead individuals to develop what kind of relationship with others?

<p>Detached</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the main focus of Horney's criticism towards Freud's theory of neuroses?

<p>Instincts</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the primary factor that led to feelings of basic anxiety, according to Horney's theory?

<p>Repressed hostility</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a characteristic of all neurotic drives according to Horney?

<p>Compulsion</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the core of neurosis according to Horney's theory?

<p>The conflict between a person's dominant trend and non-dominant neurotic need</p> Signup and view all the answers

According to Horney, what is the basic motivation behind moving against people?

<p>Drive for power, prestige, and personal ambition</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the greatest fear of individuals who move away from people according to Horney's theory?

<p>Dread of isolation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does the 'Tyranny of the should' refer to in Horney's theory?

<p>The need for perfection</p> Signup and view all the answers

'Moving toward' and 'Moving against' people are described as:

<p>'Moving Toward': receive affection; 'Moving Against': potential enemy</p> Signup and view all the answers

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