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GSDM Lecture 1: Behavioral Sciences in Dentistry

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35 Questions

What is the primary focus of behavioral sciences in dentistry at GSDM?

Patient-centered approaches to promoting oral health

What is a benefit of good communication between patients and dentists?

More accurate diagnosis and improved patient outcomes

What is a key element required for strong doctor-patient relationships?

Mutual trust between the patient and dentist

What is the purpose of obtaining patients' overall health status information?

To design a treatment plan for oral health needs

What is the Transtheoretical model of behavior change applied to in dentistry?

Promoting and maintaining oral health

What is a characteristic of effective communication in dentistry?

Two-way communication between dentist and patient

Why should dentists ask patients about their personal medical histories, drug use, and personal behaviors?

To ensure that the treatment recommended will yield a positive outcome

What is the importance of using simple language when discussing diagnostic tests and findings with patients?

To ensure that patients understand the information and can make informed decisions

Why is it essential to reassure patients that their information is confidential?

To establish trust between the patient and the dentist

Which psychosocial concept is related to a person's ability to manage stress and achieve their goals?

Self-efficacy

What is the purpose of discussing the patient's personal medical history and behaviors with them?

To help patients understand how their medical conditions and behaviors affect their dental health

What is the role of the provider in behavior change?

Help the patient elicit arguments for change and agree on priority areas

What is the purpose of considering a patient's unique life context, including SDOH?

To tailor the approach to behavior change to the individual patient

What is a key concept in the Social Cognitive Theory of behavior change?

Environmental factors influence self-efficacy, motivation, and beliefs

What is the limitation of using fear appeals in behavior change?

There is no added benefit after a moderate amount of fear is conveyed

What is the purpose of theoretical frameworks in behavior change?

To provide a particular perspective on behavior change

What is the goal of matching the consulting style to the patient's behavioral style?

To lead to the best outcomes in behavior change

What is the primary factor that influences an individual's intention to change a behavior according to the Theory of Planned Behavior?

Perceived behavioral control

At which stage of the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change do individuals begin to think about changing their behavior?

Contemplation

What is the driving force behind an individual's behavior according to the Self-Determination Theory?

Competence and autonomy

What is the primary factor that influences an individual's likelihood to change a health behavior according to the Health Belief Model?

Perceived threat

At which stage of the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change are individuals highly vulnerable to relapse?

Action

What is the outcome when an individual fails to maintain their changed behavior in the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change?

The cycle starts again

What is the primary characteristic of professionalism according to Merriam-Webster?

The skill, good judgment, and polite behavior

Which value-based statement defines professionalism as being accountable for one's actions?

Responsibility

What type of ethical issue involves making decisions between what is right and what is wrong?

Right vs Wrong

Which of the following is NOT a value-based statement defining professionalism in dental education?

Humility

What is the primary focus of the value-based statement 'Fairness' in professionalism?

Demonstrating consistency and even-handedness

Which of the following is a characteristic of professionalism in dental education?

Professional behavior and special knowledge

What is the primary principle that guides a dentist's decision-making in an ethical dilemma?

Putting the best interests of the patient first

What is the purpose of the Gut-Feeling Test in analyzing ethical issues?

To determine if the decision feels right instinctively

Which of the following is a source of dental professional standards?

ADA Principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct

What is the principle of autonomy in dental ethics?

The dentist's duty to respect the patient's rights to self-determination and confidentiality

Which of the following is NOT a principle of dental ethics?

Beneficence and convenience

What is the primary goal of the Front-Page Test in analyzing ethical issues?

To consider how the decision would appear in a public forum

Learn about the importance of patient-centered approaches in dentistry, including self-efficacy, motivational interviewing, and reflective listening. Discover how the Transtheoretical model of behavior change is applied in dentistry and the significance of effective communication between dentists and patients.

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