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Global Climate Change and Greenhouse Effect

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30 Questions

Global Climate Change refers to an array of changes in aspects of Earth's ______ such as temperature, precipitation, and frequency and intensity of storms.

climate

The ______ effect is the process by which Earth's surface absorbs solar radiation, increases in temperature, and emits infrared radiation.

Greenhouse

[Blank] gases, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor, absorb infrared radiation and trap heat in the lower atmosphere.

Greenhouse

The increase in ______ gases in the atmosphere is due to anthropogenic activities such as burning fossil fuels and cutting down forests.

Greenhouse

The Earth's ______ on its axis, variation in tilt, and orbit changes affect the distribution of solar radiation over the planet.

wobble

The study of ______ climate patterns helps us understand the changes in climate patterns over time.

historical

Proxy ______ are types of indirect evidence that serve as substitutes for direct measurements of ancient climate patterns.

indicators

Climate ______ are programs that combine atmospheric circulation, ocean circulation, atmosphere-ocean interactions, and feedback cycles to simulate climate dynamics.

models

To validate a climate model, it is necessary to determine how well the model predicts known ______.

data

Oceanic ______ also plays a role in shaping climate patterns, including ocean acidification.

circulation

Linear regression is a way to put a ______ through the data and create an equation.

line

The average surface temperature of the planet has risen by ~1.1°C in the past 100 ______.

years

The melting of glaciers results in an increase in ______ level rise.

sea

Permafrost in the arctic is thawing, leading to an increase in ______ release.

methane

Ocean ______ is expected to increase as a result of climate change.

acidification

Heat waves are caused by the burning of ______ fuels, which adds to greenhouse gases.

fossil

Mitigation is a strategy to ______ the severity of the problem of climate change.

reduce

Adaptation strategies are designed to ______ ourselves from the impact of climate change.

cushion

The US Mayors Climate Protection Agreement is a commitment to pursue policies to “meet” or “beat” the ______ protocol.

Kyoto

Carbon ______ is a system in which permits are traded for the emission of CO2.

trading

The Earth's orbit is constant and does not change in distance from the sun.

False

Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere only absorb infrared radiation and do not re-emit it.

False

Climate models are only used to predict past climate patterns.

False

The increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is solely due to natural processes.

False

Oceanic circulation has no impact on climate patterns.

False

Linear regression is used to predict the past.

False

Ocean acidification is a result of the decrease in greenhouse gas emissions.

False

The current rate of climate change is slower than what has been documented from historical data.

False

Carbon neutrality means that entities try to emit as much carbon as possible to the environment.

False

Adaptation strategies are designed to reduce the severity of the problem of climate change.

False

Learn about the differences between global climate change and global warming, and how the sun, Earth's atmosphere, and oceans influence climate change. Understand the Greenhouse Effect, greenhouse gases, and their impact on Earth's temperature.

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