Geography: Landforms and Plate Tectonics

JoyousAntigorite5004 avatar
JoyousAntigorite5004
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

10 Questions

What type of mountain building process occurs when two continental plates collide?

Continental Collision

What is the theory that describes the movement of the Earth's lithosphere?

Plate Tectonics

What type of volcano is characterized by a gently sloping shape with a broad base?

Shield Volcano

What is the term for the formation of new crust at a divergent plate boundary?

Sea Floor Spreading

What type of desert is characterized by high temperatures and low humidity?

Hot Desert

What is the term for the movement of sediment along the coast due to wave action?

Longshore Drift

What type of coastal feature is an area of land that juts out into the sea?

Headland

What is the process of the removal of rock and soil through wind action in deserts?

Erosion

What type of plate boundary is characterized by two plates moving apart?

Divergent

What type of volcanic feature is a large depression formed when a volcano collapses or erupts explosively?

Caldera

Study Notes

Mountain Formation

  • Types of Mountain Building:
    • Volcanic Arcs: formed when oceanic plates subduct under continental plates, resulting in volcanic activity
    • Continental Collision: formed when two continental plates collide, resulting in the formation of mountains
    • Block Faulting: formed when large blocks of the Earth's crust are pushed upwards or downwards
  • Mountain Building Processes:
    • Folding: when rocks are bent and deformed due to tectonic forces
    • Faulting: when rocks are broken and displaced along faults
    • Volcanic Activity: when magma rises to the surface, resulting in volcanic eruptions and the formation of volcanic rocks

Plate Tectonics

  • Theory: the Earth's lithosphere is broken into several large plates that move relative to each other
  • Types of Plate Boundaries:
    • Divergent: where two plates move apart, resulting in the creation of new crust
    • Convergent: where two plates move towards each other, resulting in subduction or collision
    • Transform: where two plates slide past each other horizontally
  • Plate Tectonics and Landforms:
    • responsible for the formation of mountains, volcanoes, and earthquakes
    • shapes the Earth's surface through the process of plate movement

Volcanic Landforms

  • Types of Volcanoes:
    • Shield Volcanoes: gently sloping volcanoes with a broad base
    • Composite Volcanoes: tall, conical volcanoes with a narrow base
    • Cinder Cones: small, steep-sided volcanoes formed from accumulated ash and cinder
  • Volcanic Features:
    • Lava Flows: molten rock that flows out of a volcano
    • Volcanic Ash: small particles of rock and mineral that are ejected into the air
    • Calderas: large depressions formed when a volcano collapses or erupts explosively

Desert Landforms

  • Types of Deserts:
    • Hot Deserts: characterized by high temperatures and low humidity
    • Cold Deserts: characterized by low temperatures and low humidity
  • Desert Features:
    • Dunes: ridges of sand formed by wind action
    • Oases: isolated areas of vegetation in the desert
    • Playas: dry lake beds that are formed when a lake dries up
  • Desert Landform Processes:
    • Erosion: the removal of rock and soil through wind and water action
    • Deposition: the accumulation of rock and soil through wind and water action

Coastal Features

  • Types of Coasts:
    • Emergent Coasts: where the land is rising relative to the sea
    • Submergent Coasts: where the land is sinking relative to the sea
  • Coastal Features:
    • Beaches: areas of sand and pebbles along the coast
    • Cliffs: steep slopes of rock along the coast
    • Headlands: areas of land that jut out into the sea
  • Coastal Processes:
    • Erosion: the removal of rock and soil through wave action
    • Deposition: the accumulation of rock and soil through wave action
    • Longshore Drift: the movement of sediment along the coast due to wave action

Test your knowledge of geography by identifying types of mountains, plate boundaries, volcanic landforms, deserts, and coastal features. Explore the processes that shape our planet's surface.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser