Freud's Id Concept
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Freud's Id Concept

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Questions and Answers

What is the primary function of the id?

To seek immediate and complete satisfaction of its drives

According to Freud, which part of the mind tries to obey the 'reality principle'?

Ego

What is the primary process of the id?

Seeking immediate satisfaction without thought

What is the role of the ego in relation to the id?

<p>To serve the id's needs for finding suitable objects for real drive satisfaction</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the superego responsible for?

<p>Ensuring moral standards are followed</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the result of the id's primary process?

<p>Immediate satisfaction without thought</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the ego's 'secondary process'?

<p>Evaluating a situation before taking action</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the ego's 'reality principle'?

<p>The idea that physical and social reality must be considered</p> Signup and view all the answers

What principle does the Superego operate on?

<p>Morality principle</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of the Ego in case of conflict between the Id and Superego?

<p>To act as a mediator and resolve the conflict</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are defense mechanisms used for?

<p>To prevent anxiety from becoming overwhelming</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the focus of the Humanistic perspective?

<p>Positive growth and self-development through experience and choice</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of the psychosexual stages proposed by Freud?

<p>To represent the fixation of libido on different areas of the body</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the result of not following the rules according to the Superego?

<p>Feeling of guilt and self-criticism</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main criticism of the behaviorist approach by the Humanistic perspective?

<p>It is overly mechanistic and neglects higher human motives</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the goal of the Ego's defense mechanisms?

<p>To prevent anxiety from becoming overwhelming</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary motivation behind human beings striving to secure life?

<p>To meet basic physiological needs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the hierarchical order of needs according to Maslow's theory?

<p>Physiological needs, safety needs, emotional needs, cognitive needs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the ultimate goal of human motivation according to Maslow?

<p>To achieve self-actualisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of safety needs in Maslow's theory?

<p>To seek shelter and security</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the relationship between cognitive needs and self-actualisation?

<p>Cognitive needs are a prerequisite for self-actualisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of emotional needs in Maslow's theory?

<p>To provide a sense of belonging</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the motivation behind humans striving to meet their cognitive needs?

<p>To explore problems and questions</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the order of needs that Maslow proposes, in terms of self-actualisation?

<p>Physiological needs, safety needs, emotional needs, cognitive needs, self-actualisation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory

  • The id is the "pleasure component" of the mind, seeking immediate and complete satisfaction of its drives without considering appropriateness.
  • The id functions according to the primary process, lacking thought, self-reflection, and planning, and is an unconscious part of the mind that surfaces in situations of disturbance.
  • The ego is the "self" that controls behavior through perception, cognition, and memory, and tries to obey the "reality principle" to placate unconscious demands and desires.
  • The ego's job is to serve the id's needs for finding suitable objects for real drive satisfaction through the secondary process and the reality principle.
  • The superego is the "judgmental agent" that develops during early childhood, ensures moral standards are followed, and operates on the morality principle.

Freud's Psychosexual Stages

  • Freud proposed that psychological development in childhood takes place in a series of fixed psychosexual stages: oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital.
  • Each stage represents the fixation of libido on a different area of the body.
  • As a person grows physically, certain areas of their body become important as sources of potential frustration or pleasure.

Humanistic Theory

  • Humanistic perspective developed in the 1950s and 1960s as a reaction to the overly mechanistic behaviorist approach.
  • Humanistic approach considers higher human motives and the journey of self-development towards self-actualization.
  • Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, and Eric Fromm were key contributors to humanistic theory.

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

  • Maslow's pyramid places physiological needs at the base, followed by safety needs, emotional needs, social needs, self-esteem needs, and cognitive needs.
  • Humans strive to secure life through basic needs, and motivation to strive further can be met once these first two needs are secured.
  • Self-actualization is achieved once each of these needs have been met.

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Description

This quiz explores the concept of the id in Freud's psychoanalytic theory, its role in personality and behavior.

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