Exploring Social Determinants of Health and Vulnerable Populations

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40 Questions

Which core value of Medical Ethics emphasizes the commitment to accept the choices patients make about which treatments to undergo?

Respect for autonomy

Which core value of Medical Ethics changed the clinician-patient relationship from a paternalistic one to a more collaborative one?

Respect for autonomy

Which core value of Medical Ethics requires clinicians to elicit patients' voluntary and informed authorization for testing or treatment?

Informed consent

What is the core value of Medical Ethics that requires clinicians to avoid causing harm to patients and minimize the negative effects of treatments?

Nonmaleficence

What is the core value of Medical Ethics that requires clinicians to act for the patients' good by preventing or treating disease?

Beneficence

What is the core value of Medical Ethics that emphasizes the duty to prevent the disclosure of patients' personal information to unauthorized parties?

Confidentiality

What is the core value of Medical Ethics that requires clinicians to disclose relevant information beyond what is required by informed consent?

Truth telling

What is the core value of Medical Ethics that states all patients with similar medical needs should receive similar medical treatment and be treated fairly?

Justice

What is the term for the ability to make an autonomous choice that clinicians should respect?

Decisional capacity

What is the term for the directive that health care professionals should avoid causing harm to patients and minimize the negative effects of treatments?

Nonmaleficence

Which organization defines health as a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being?

World Health Organization (W.H.O.)

Which study conducted by the U.S. Public Health Service enrolled 400 black men diagnosed with Syphilis, denying them the known treatment, to study the natural progression of the disease?

Tuskegee Syphilis Study

Which woman's cells were used to isolate the first immortalized cell line (HeLa cells) that have been extensively used in biomedical research, including the study of COVID-19?

Henrietta Lacks

What term refers to a set of unconscious beliefs or associations that lead to a negative evaluation of a person based on their perceived group identity?

Implicit bias

Which dimension of cultural humility involves learning about your own biases and recognizing that everyone has biases?

Self-awareness

What is the process that requires humility and self-reflection as individuals continually engage in self-critique to address power imbalances and advocate for others?

Cultural humility

Which factor strongly influences a patient's health and includes stress, early life, social exclusion, working conditions, unemployment, social support, addiction, healthy food, and transport policy?

Social determinants of health

Which behavior can clinicians exhibit that may convey distrust or dislike and contribute to healthcare disparities among various demographic groups?

Nonverbal behaviors influenced by implicit bias

What is the term for the aggregation of implicit biases that leads to a structural system of privilege and misallocation of care, particularly for marginalized demographic groups?

Institutional bias

What is the term for clinicians engaging in self-reflection, critical thinking, and cultural humility to moderate disparities in healthcare?

Cultural humility

Which term refers to the conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live, age, and worship, as well as the wider set of forces and systems shaping the conditions of daily life, including economic policies and systems, development agendas, social norms, social policies, and political systems?

Social determinants of health

What are the differences in overall health or unequal burden of disease and/or health outcomes between populations that are attributable to social, political, economic, and environmental factors called?

Health disparities

Which term refers to those who have poor access to health care, receive poor-quality care, and experience poor care outcomes — often resulting from societal injustices related to race, ethnicity, poverty, gender, sexual orientation, age, first language, or physical or mental health, etc.?

Vulnerable populations

What are the measures used to evaluate the effects of health interventions and policies on individuals and populations?

Health outcomes

What are the biological and sociological mechanisms through which the determinants of health operate?

Social determinants of health

What are the barriers to health facing patients and families from diverse socio-economic backgrounds?

Social determinants of health

What is the historical basis for mistrust of the medical system in marginalized communities?

Social determinants of health

What are the strategies for building trust and communicating effectively with members of marginalized groups?

Social determinants of health

What are the conditions that affect patients’ health and well-being called?

Social determinants of health

What are the differences in overall health or unequal burden of disease and/or health outcomes between populations that are considered unfair or unjust called?

Health disparities

True or false: Health disparities are solely attributed to genetic factors.

False

True or false: Vulnerable populations have equal access to quality healthcare.

False

True or false: Social determinants of health include economic policies and political systems.

True

True or false: The core value of Medical Ethics that emphasizes the duty to prevent the disclosure of patients' personal information to unauthorized parties is called confidentiality.

True

True or false: The core value of Medical Ethics that requires clinicians to disclose relevant information beyond what is required by informed consent is called truth telling.

True

True or false: Cultural humility involves learning about your own biases and recognizing that everyone has biases.

True

True or false: The term for the ability to make an autonomous choice that clinicians should respect is decisional capacity.

True

Implicit bias refers to a set of conscious beliefs or associations that lead to a negative evaluation of a person based on their perceived group identity.

False

Cultural humility is a process that requires clinicians to be self-reflective and self-critical as lifelong learners in order to address power imbalances and advocate for others.

True

The Henrietta Lacks Foundation was established by Rebecca Skloot, the author of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks.

True

Test your knowledge on social determinants of health, health disparities, and vulnerable populations with this quiz. Learn about the definitions and mechanisms behind these concepts, as well as the social risk factors that impact patient health.

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