Eukaryotic Microbes and Cell Organelles Quiz

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1 What is the difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms?

The difference between prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms is that eukaryotic cells are hundreds of times larger than typical prokaryotic cells, and the external and internal structures of eukaryotes are more complex than those of prokaryotes.

2 Why should we know about eukaryotic microbes?

We should know about eukaryotic microbes because they are prominent members of ecosystems, important model organisms in industrial microbiology, and include various pathogens for human diseases.

3 What is the history of eukaryotes?

The evolution from prokaryotes to eukaryotes was a result of endosymbiotic theory, which suggests that eukaryotic organelles such as mitochondria and chloroplasts were once free-living prokaryotic cells that were engulfed by ancestral eukaryotic cells.

4 What are the major functions of the internal components of eukaryotes?

The major functions of the internal components of eukaryotes include cellular respiration (mitochondria), photosynthesis (chloroplasts), protein synthesis (ribosomes), and genetic material storage and regulation (nucleus).

5 What are the major diseases associated with specific eukaryotic cell organelles?

Major diseases associated with specific eukaryotic cell organelles include mitochondrial diseases, lysosomal storage diseases, and peroxisomal disorders.

Test your knowledge of eukaryotic microbes, endosymbiotic theory, cell structures, functions, pathogenesis, and diseases associated with cell organelles. This quiz covers the key differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.

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