Endomembrane System and Insulin Synthesis

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12 Questions

Where does insulin synthesis start?

Nucleus

Which organelle is involved in hydrogen peroxide neutralization and protects cells from radical damage?

Peroxisome

What is the function of smooth endoplasmic reticulum in drug detoxification?

Neutralizing drugs

What is the characteristic feature of rough endoplasmic reticulum?

Characterized by ribosomes on cytosolic side

Which ER synthesizes membrane lipids using membrane-bound enzymes?

Rough ER

What happens to insulin after being synthesized and passing through the ER's quality control?

Transferred to Golgi for packing

What is the main function of lipid transfer proteins mentioned in the text?

Facilitate the transfer of synthesized lipids to organelles or cell membrane

Which organelle is functionally and physically linked to the Golgi complex?

Endoplasmic reticulum

What is the main role of the Golgi complex in eukaryotic cells?

Process and package biomolecules for transport

Which model of Golgi function suggests that each cisterna is a stable structure?

Stationary cisternae model

What is the main direction of transport for cargo from the ER to the Golgi complex?

Anterograde transport

How are transport vesicles described in their function within cells?

Carry cargo between the ER and Golgi complex

Explore the key organelles of the endomembrane system and the process of insulin synthesis within the cell. Learn about the functions of the rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, endosomes, and lysosomes in cellular processes.

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