geo

PrestigiousBiedermeier avatar
PrestigiousBiedermeier
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

33 Questions

What is the difference between population distribution and population density?

Population distribution refers to the arrangement or spread of people in a given area, while population density is the number of people per unit area.

Briefly describe the three main types of plate movement and the impact each has on the land around it.

The three main types of plate movement are divergent, convergent, and transform. Divergent movement creates new crust, convergent movement leads to subduction or collision, and transform movement causes earthquakes.

Describe how and why glaciers form and move.

Glaciers form from the accumulation and compaction of snow into ice over time. They move due to the force of gravity, causing the ice to flow slowly downhill.

Describe three ways that glaciers impact the land they travel over.

Glaciers impact the land by eroding the surface, creating U-shaped valleys, and depositing sediment as they melt.

What are the characteristics of coniferous and deciduous trees and forests?

Coniferous trees are evergreen, with needle-like leaves, while deciduous trees are broad-leaved and lose their leaves annually. Coniferous forests are found in colder climates, while deciduous forests are found in temperate regions.

List the 7 main natural vegetation regions. Describe 2 in Detail.

The 7 main natural vegetation regions are tropical rainforest, savanna, desert, temperate grassland, temperate forest, taiga, and tundra. The tropical rainforest is characterized by high rainfall and diverse plant life, while the temperate grassland has rich soil and is ideal for agriculture.

Give an example where government can use the concepts of 'Carrot' and 'Stick' to make Canadians change their habits.

The government can use tax incentives (carrot) to encourage Canadians to use electric vehicles, while imposing fines (stick) for excessive water usage.

What might be the impact of climate change on Canadian farming communities, the forestry industry, commercial fishing, and water supply?

Climate change could result in altered growing seasons, increased forest fires, disrupted ocean ecosystems, and changes in water availability.

Explain the difference between intensive and extensive farming. Which is most likely to be done in and around the GTA. Which is most likely to be done in the prairie regions of Canada?

Intensive farming involves high inputs of labor, capital, or both per unit of land area, while extensive farming involves lower inputs. Intensive farming is more likely to be done in and around the GTA, while extensive farming is more likely to be done in the prairie regions of Canada.

What is an aridity index. Why are we more concerned about the water supply in semi-arid regions of the world than most arid regions of the world?

An aridity index measures the dryness of an area. We are more concerned about water supply in semi-arid regions because they are in the transitional zone between wet and dry climates, making them more vulnerable to water scarcity.

What are the 2 main categories of minerals in Canada. Give a list of 3 examples for each.

The 2 main categories of minerals in Canada are metallic minerals (e.g. gold, copper, nickel) and non-metallic minerals (e.g. salt, gypsum, asbestos).

What is the percentage of our energy needs that are met by fossil fuels. Why are fossil fuels such an important part of our energy use?

Approximately 80% of our energy needs are met by fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are important due to their energy density, ease of storage, and historical infrastructure investments.

What are Basic and Non-Basic Jobs. Why are they important. What is the preferred ratio of Basic to Non-Basic Jobs. Explain the multiplier effect.

Basic jobs are export-oriented and bring new money into the economy, while Non-Basic jobs serve the local population. They are important for economic diversity and stability. The preferred ratio of Basic to Non-Basic Jobs is 3:2. The multiplier effect refers to the additional economic activity generated by the spending of workers' income.

Why is it very likely that you will end up working in the tertiary (service) sector?

It is likely due to the increasing dominance of the service sector in modern economies, driven by technological advancements and changing consumer demands.

Explain what push and pull factors are. Describe and explain 3 push factors and 3 pull factors.

Push factors are reasons that make people want to leave a place, while pull factors are reasons that attract people to a new place. Push factors may include lack of economic opportunity, political instability, and environmental disasters. Pull factors may include better job prospects, political stability, and higher quality of life.

Briefly describe the different classes of immigrant including an example of someone who would fall under each category.

The different classes of immigrant include economic immigrants (e.g. skilled workers), family class immigrants (e.g. sponsored spouses), and refugees (e.g. individuals fleeing persecution).

Describe several things that cities need to have or do to make a city truly liveable.

Cities need to have good infrastructure, affordable housing, clean environment, access to healthcare and education, and a sense of community to be truly liveable.

What are the three main types of plate movement and their impact on the land around them?

The three main types of plate movement are divergent, convergent, and transform. Divergent plates move apart, creating new crust. Convergent plates move toward each other, leading to subduction or collision. Transform plates slide past each other, causing earthquakes.

Describe three ways that glaciers impact the land they travel over.

Glaciers impact the land they travel over by eroding the landscape, creating U-shaped valleys, and depositing moraines. They also carve out fjords, and leave behind drumlins and eskers.

What is sustained yield management and what role does it play in farming, forestry, and fishing?

Sustained yield management involves harvesting resources at a rate that allows for replenishment. It plays a crucial role in ensuring long-term resource availability in farming, forestry, and fishing without depleting the natural environment.

Explain the 'Carrot' and 'Stick' concepts and provide an example of how the government can use them to influence Canadians' habits.

The 'Carrot' and 'Stick' concepts refer to offering rewards for desired behavior ('Carrot') and imposing punishments for undesired behavior ('Stick'). An example is providing tax incentives for purchasing electric vehicles ('Carrot') and implementing carbon taxes for excessive carbon emissions ('Stick').

List two renewable resources, non-renewable resources, flow resources, and other resources.

Renewable resources: solar energy, wind energy. Non-renewable resources: coal, oil. Flow resources: water, wind. Other resources: minerals, metals.

Describe the '3 R's' and explain how they can help Canadians divert waste away from landfill sites.

The '3 R's' stand for Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. They help Canadians divert waste from landfill sites by minimizing waste generation, reusing products, and recycling materials to reduce the overall waste sent to landfills.

What is the impact of climate change on Canadian farming communities, the forestry industry, commercial fishing, and water supply?

Climate change can lead to extreme weather events, crop failures, forest fires, changes in fish populations, and water scarcity.

What is the CLI? What does the data in Fig 5-7 on page 107 tell you about the farmland quality and availability in Canada?

CLI stands for Crop Land Evaluation Index. The data in Fig 5-7 on page 107 provides information about the suitability of farmland for crop production in Canada.

Explain the difference between intensive and extensive farming. Which is most likely to be done in and around the GTA? Which is most likely to be done in the prairie regions of Canada?

Intensive farming involves high inputs of labor, capital, and technology per unit area, while extensive farming requires lower inputs per unit area. Intensive farming is most likely to be done in and around the GTA, while extensive farming is most likely to be done in the prairie regions of Canada.

What is an aridity index? Why are we more concerned about the water supply in semi-arid regions of the world than most arid regions of the world?

The aridity index measures the degree of dryness in a region. We are more concerned about the water supply in semi-arid regions because these regions are more susceptible to fluctuations in water availability, which can have a significant impact on agriculture and ecosystems.

Explain if Canada will or will not meet future water needs based on population location in relation to drainage patterns.

Canada may face challenges in meeting future water needs due to population location in relation to drainage patterns, as some areas may experience water scarcity while others have abundant water resources.

What are the 2 main categories of minerals in Canada? Give a list of 3 examples for each.

The 2 main categories of minerals in Canada are metallic minerals (e.g. gold, copper, nickel) and non-metallic minerals (e.g. salt, gypsum, asbestos).

How does the concept of sustainable resources management apply to the mineral extraction industry? Do we need to worry about mineral resource conservation?

Sustainable resources management in the mineral extraction industry involves minimizing environmental impact, conserving resources, and ensuring long-term viability. Mineral resource conservation is important to ensure sustainable extraction and minimize depletion.

What is the percentage of our energy needs that are met by fossil fuels? Why are fossil fuels such an important part of our energy use?

Approximately 80% of our energy needs are met by fossil fuels. Fossil fuels are important due to their high energy density, ease of transport, and established infrastructure for extraction and use.

What are location factors? What role do local, regional, and national governments have in encouraging or discouraging where companies locate their businesses?

Location factors are the considerations that influence the choice of business location, such as proximity to resources, labor, and markets. Local, regional, and national governments can influence business location through zoning regulations, tax incentives, and infrastructure development.

What are Basic and Non-Basic Jobs? Why are they important? What is the preferred ratio of Basic to Non-Basic Jobs? Explain the multiplier effect.

Basic jobs are related to the primary economic sector, while non-basic jobs are in the secondary and tertiary sectors. They are important for economic diversity and stability. The preferred ratio of basic to non-basic jobs is 3:2. The multiplier effect refers to the additional economic activity generated by the spending of income earned from basic jobs.

Test your knowledge of earth sciences concepts including population distribution, plate movement, rock cycle, glacier formation, and land impact.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

Get started for free

More Quizzes Like This

Earth Sciences and Geography Quiz
5 questions
Earth's Geology and Geography
10 questions

Earth's Geology and Geography

ProfuseRetinalite6405 avatar
ProfuseRetinalite6405
Geography: Landforms and Plate Tectonics
10 questions
Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser