Diagnosis Approaches Quiz

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58 Questions

Which part of the brain is responsible for generating smooth, coordinated movement and integrating visual, motor, vestibular, and somatosensory information?

Cerebellum

What is the role of the thalamus in the brain?

Processes all information received from sense organs

What are the two main types of cells in the brain?

Neurons and Glia

Which type of matter in the brain consists of fibers that carry information between different brain regions?

White matter

Which of the following is a purpose of clinical disorders?

To plan treatment

What can psychosocial influences do to brain structure and function?

Change brain structure and function

How do conditioning paradigms facilitate learning?

By enabling us to develop working ideas about the world

What is the purpose of clinical assessment?

To measure psychological, biological, and social factors

Which approach assumes that every diagnosis has a clear underlying cause and imposes a categorical division at the point of treatment initiation?

Classical Categorical Approach

What is the method of categorizing characteristics on a continuum rather than on a binary basis?

Dimensional Approach

What is the ongoing project to develop a comprehensive map of all human genes?

Human Genome Project

What is the genetic mechanism that contributes to the underlying problems causing the symptoms and difficulties experienced by people with psychological disorders?

Endophenotypes

Which part of the brain is affected by Multiple Sclerosis?

White matter

What is the function of the blood-brain barrier (BBB)?

To selectively regulate the flow of molecules into the brain

What is the role of neurotransmitters in the brain?

To transmit signals between neurons

Which pair of chromosomes determines the sex of an individual?

Pair 23

What is the term for an individual's complete set of genes?

Genome

What is the Diathesis Stress Model?

A model that explains how genes and stress interact to cause a disorder

What is the Gene-Environment Correlation Model?

A model that explains how genetic and environmental factors interact to create a disorder

Which of the following is NOT a component of the ABCs of observation?

Self-monitoring

What is the purpose of psychological testing?

To determine cognitive, emotional, or behavioral responses associated with a specific disorder

What is the purpose of neuropsychological testing?

To measure brain and nervous system function

According to the text, what is the definition of anxiety sensitivity?

The tendency to respond fearfully to anxiety symptoms

According to the text, what can trigger biological and psychological vulnerabilities to anxiety?

Stressful social life events

According to the text, what is the Triple Vulnerability Theory?

An integrated model of generalized biological, psychological, and specific psychological vulnerabilities

According to the text, what does comorbidity refer to?

The co-occurrence of two or more disorders in a single individual

According to the text, what are the characteristics of Generalized Anxiety Disorder?

Intense, uncontrollable, unfocused, chronic, and continuous worry

According to the text, why is it difficult to separate conditioning and cognitive explanations in panic?

Because anxiety symptoms are associated with both internal and external cues

Which type of matter in the brain contains dense axon bundles connecting different brain structures?

White matter

What is the term for brain damage caused by restriction of blood to the brain by a burst or weak blood vessel, or by blockage?

Stroke

What is the purpose of the blood-brain barrier (BBB)?

To prevent many molecules from entering the brain through the bloodstream

What is the purpose of neuropsychological testing?

To diagnose and assess cognitive and behavioral changes associated with brain injury or neurological conditions

Which of the following is a type of psychological testing?

Projective testing

What is the purpose of animal models in psychopathology research?

To isolate specific effects of mental illness

What is the purpose of high-risk studies in genetics research?

To study the effects of genetic relatedness

What is the purpose of psychophysiological assessment?

To measure changes in the nervous system reflecting psychological or emotional events

Which of the following is NOT a purpose of clinical disorders?

To predict behavior

What is the process of determining whether a presenting problem meets the established criteria for a specific psychological disorder?

Clinical assessment

What is the main purpose of the mental status exam in the clinical interview?

To determine mood and affect

What is the purpose of semi-structured interviews in clinical assessments?

To elicit important information in a consistent manner

Which part of the brain is responsible for regulating emotional experiences and expressions, as well as our ability to learn and control our impulses?

Limbic System

What is the main function of glial cells in the brain?

Perform vital support functions for neurons

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Locked-in Syndrome?

Loss of sensation in the body

What is the purpose of white matter in the brain?

Carry information between brain regions

Which pair of chromosomes determines the sex of an individual?

Pair 23

What is the definition of anxiety sensitivity?

A condition that makes someone susceptible to developing a disorder.

What is the purpose of neuropsychological testing?

To assess an individual's cognitive abilities and identify any potential brain impairments.

What is the Gene-Environment Correlation Model?

A model that suggests genetic predisposition for a disorder may also lead to the creation of environmental risk factors that promote the disorder.

Which approach to categorizing psychological disorders assumes that each disorder is unique and imposes a categorical division at the point of treatment initiation?

Categorical and Classical Categorical Approach

What is the ongoing project that aims to develop a comprehensive map of all human genes?

Human Genome Project

What is the genetic mechanism that contributes to the underlying problems causing the symptoms and difficulties experienced by people with psychological disorders?

Endophenotypes

Which of the following is NOT a cognitive bias associated with anxiety?

Personalization of negative events

Which of the following is a characteristic of Generalized Anxiety Disorder?

Intense, uncontrollable, unfocused, chronic, and continuous worry

What does comorbidity refer to?

Co-occurrence of 2 or more disorders

What is the Triple Vulnerability Theory?

An integrated model of generalized biological vulnerability, generalized psychological vulnerability, and specific psychological vulnerability

What can trigger biological and psychological vulnerabilities to anxiety?

Stressful social life events

What is anxiety sensitivity?

Tendency to respond fearfully to anxiety symptoms

What does the term 'comorbidity' suggest about anxiety and related disorders?

Co-occurrence of 2 or more disorders

Categorical vs. Dimensional Approaches in Diagnosis Quiz: Test your knowledge on the different approaches used in diagnosing disorders, including the classical categorical approach and the dimensional approach. Explore the concept of clear underlying causes and unique disorders, as well as the use of symptom thresholds for diagnosis.

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