Crime Scene Investigation: Theft Investigation
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Crime Scene Investigation: Theft Investigation

This quiz covers the objectives and procedures of a criminal investigation, including the primary objectives and steps taken in a preliminary investigation, with a focus on theft investigation.

Created by
@glhill06

Questions and Answers

What is the primary focus of a criminal investigation?

Fulfilling the primary objectives

What is the main objective of a preliminary investigation?

Determining the type of theft

What is a common problem associated with theft investigations?

Lack of physical evidence

How are felony and misdemeanor theft cases typically handled?

<p>Similarly with varying levels of prosecution</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the difference between inter-state and intra-state shipments in terms of theft?

<p>Jurisdiction and agency responsible for investigation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of theft involves deception and is also known as 'Pigeon Drop'?

<p>Stealing by deceit</p> Signup and view all the answers

What determines the gravity of a theft offense, including how it will be prosecuted and by whom?

<p>Value of the property taken</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key challenge in investigating thefts?

<p>The time element, which often favors the thief</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the first step when arriving at a theft crime scene?

<p>Identify witnesses</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of theft is always a felony, regardless of the value of the property?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should an officer do when investigating a theft that involves the U.S. Mail?

<p>Notify the postal inspector</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key difference between intra-state and inter-state investigations?

<p>Intra-state involves one state, while inter-state involves multiple states</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is systematic stealing?

<p>The continual process of larceny from an account in a stealth method</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why do investigations that involve multiple states often have lower arrest rates?

<p>Because of the time, space, and the number of people involved</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a common problem in theft investigations?

<p>Dealing with the time element, which favors the thief</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should an officer do when investigating a theft that may involve a federal crime?

<p>Notify the Federal Bureau of Investigation</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Introduction to Theft Investigation

  • Theft is the most common crime for gain and is considered a crime of opportunity.
  • Theft results in extreme dollar loss, which is made up in higher prices.

Categories of Theft

  • Felony theft: when the value of stolen property is high, or when the suspect physically takes property from the person of the victim.
  • Misdemeanor theft: when the value of stolen property is low.

Exceptions to Felony Theft

  • Theft of a credit card or letter of credit is always a felony.
  • Theft of a firearm is always a felony.
  • Theft of a narcotic drug is always a felony.
  • Theft of an animal is always a felony.

Challenges in Theft Investigation

  • Most theft investigations involve past crimes, making it difficult to investigate.
  • Time favors the thief, making it a challenge for the officer to investigate effectively.
  • Crimes of violence have an inherent motivation for the officer, whereas theft investigations require the officer to seek motivation within themselves.

Initial Response to a Theft Scene

  • Identify witnesses.
  • Secure the scene.
  • Protect the scene.
  • Evaluate the crime.

Investigative Points to Remember

  • Always check the area of the theft for evidence, even if none is apparent.
  • Conduct an area canvass to locate witnesses.
  • Misdemeanor theft violations may be prosecuted under county or municipal ordinance.
  • Thefts involving the U.S. Mail require notification of the postal inspector.

Inter-State and Intra-State Theft Investigations

  • Intra-state investigations occur within a state and can be investigated by local agencies.
  • Inter-state investigations involve multiple states and require cooperation between agencies.
  • Shipment of goods and services involving multiple states can lead to lower arrest rates due to the complexity of investigations.

Types of Theft

  • Systematic stealing: continual process of larceny, often involving embezzlement.
  • Stealing by deceit: replacing accounts with false information, numbers, or objects to fool others.
  • Till tapping or embezzlement: taking small amounts of money to avoid detection.
  • Surveillance is an effective way to catch these thieves.

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