Crime Scene Investigation and Offense Investigations
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Crime Scene Investigation and Offense Investigations

This quiz covers the primary objectives of a criminal investigation, procedures for conducting an investigation, and the main objectives and steps taken in a preliminary investigation.

Created by
@glhill06

Questions and Answers

What is the primary objective of a criminal investigation?

To identify the deceased and determine the cause and manner of death

What is the composition of a Jury of Inquest?

Six of the deceased's peers

What is the predecessor to the forensic pathology system?

The coroner system

What is the meaning of the Latin word 'corona'?

<p>The Croron</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a limitation of the Jury of Inquest system?

<p>It did not imply any in-depth knowledge of medicine</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the motivation for the development of forensic pathology?

<p>To provide a more scientific and medical approach to investigating death</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key difference between a coroner and a medical examiner?

<p>A coroner is appointed/civil service, while a medical examiner is elected.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary role of a medico-legal death investigator?

<p>To conduct the on-scene investigation and report findings to the Medical Examiner.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of death is characterized by homicides, suicides, and traffic accident fatalities?

<p>Violent deaths</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of a forensic pathologist?

<p>To examine the body and determine the cause of death.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the difference between cause of death and manner of death?

<p>Cause of death is the disease or injury that initiated the lethal train of events, while manner of death is the fashion in which the death came into being.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of a forensic illustrator?

<p>To re-create the face of a person based on examination of the skull.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary role of a forensic toxicologist?

<p>To examine the body's systems for signs of drugs or poisons.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of a forensic anthropologist?

<p>To examine bones found at a scene to determine if they are human.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of a forensic psychologist?

<p>To determine the manner of death.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of the 'open' verdict?

<p>To indicate a lack of ability to distinguish between accident, suicide, and homicide.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Crime Scene Investigation

  • The primary objectives of a criminal investigation are to identify the deceased, determine the cause and manner of death, and pinpoint the time of death.

Investigative Issues

  • Identification of deceased: who is dead?
  • Cause of death: what did the person die of?
  • Manner of death: how did the person die?
  • Time of death: when did the person die?
  • Circumstances of death: why did the person die?

History of Death Investigation

  • The term "coroner" comes from the Latin word "corona", meaning "crown".
  • A coroner's jury of inquest determines the cause and manner of death.
  • Forensic pathology combines law and medicine to investigate deaths.

Coroner vs. Medical Examiner Systems

  • Coroner system: elected official with no specific background requirements, uses a jury of inquest, and has limited powers and a low operating budget.
  • Medical Examiner system: appointed/civil service official who must be licensed to practice medicine, does not use a jury of inquest, and has more power and a higher operating budget.

Types of Medical Examiner Cases

  • Violent deaths: homicides, suicides, traffic accident fatalities, and accidental deaths.
  • Sudden and unexpected deaths: at home, in hospital, or without medical care.
  • Environment-related deaths: industry, pesticides, food additives, and natural causes.
  • Deaths related to community health and safety: drug abuse, contagious diseases, cremation, and medical care.

Case Routine

  • Telephone notification and report to the Medical Examiner's Office.
  • Field investigator responds to the scene or hospital and conducts the follow-up investigation.
  • Removal of the body to the county morgue for autopsy or external examination.
  • Toxicology and histology tests are conducted.
  • Case conference with specialists to discuss the case.
  • Chief Medical Examiner determines the cause and manner of death.

Assisting the Medical Examiner

  • Medico-legal death investigator: conducts on-scene investigation and reports findings to the Medical Examiner.
  • Crime Scene Investigator: a police officer who processes the scene.
  • Forensic specialists: forensic photographer, forensic pathologist, forensic toxicologist, forensic odontologist, forensic radiologist, forensic anthropologist, and forensic illustrator.

Manner of Death

  • Cause of death: the disease or injury that initiated the lethal sequence of events.
  • Manner of death: the fashion in which the cause of death came into being.
  • Manner of death classifications: natural causes, homicide, accident, suicide, and undetermined.

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