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Cranial Neuralgia vs

Identifying and Understanding Cranial Neuralgia and Head and Neck Cancers: Test your knowledge on diagnosing and differentiating cranial neuralgia symptoms from head and neck cancers. Learn about the distinct characteristics of unilateral attacks of pain and their distribution along cranial nerves. Explore the connection between these symptoms and squamous cell carcinomas.

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Questions and Answers

Which of the following is the most common cause of primary otalgia?

Infection

What percentage of general practitioner encounters are solely for ears?

4%

What are the major anatomical structures of the external ear?

Helix, ear lobe, tragal cartilage

What is the term used to describe pain referred to the ear by travelling along cranial nerves?

<p>Secondary otalgia</p> Signup and view all the answers

Is there a straightforward algorithm for the assessment of otalgia?

<p>No</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the objective of the article?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following symptoms is NOT associated with neoplasms in the oropharyngeal region?

<p>Epistaxis</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a risk factor for cancers in the oropharyngeal region?

<p>Chronic alcohol consumption</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the significance of examining the oropharynx in patients with otalgia?

<p>To assess for complications</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a red flag history point for otalgia?

<p>Recurrent ear infections</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the key finding in acute otitis media (AOM)?

<p>Bulging tympanic membrane</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does pain on insertion of the otoscope indicate?

<p>Otitis externa</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the key findings in acute mastoiditis?

<p>Postauricular swelling and erythema</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which cranial nerves supply sensation to the ear?

<p>Trigeminal nerve (CNV), facial nerve (CNVII), glossopharyngeal (CNIX) and vagus nerve (CNX)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of the eustachian tube?

<p>To connect the middle ear to the posterior nasopharynx</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the primary causes of otalgia?

<p>Infection, trauma, foreign bodies, and impacted cerumen</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the secondary causes of otalgia?

<p>Dental inflammation and infection, temporomandibular joint disorders, and trigeminal neuralgia</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the common cause of referred otalgia?

<p>Odontogenic causes (inflammation and infection of dental structures)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the differential diagnosis for severe otalgia and a history of otitis externa?

<p>Skull-base osteomyelitis (or malignant otitis externa)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the symptoms of Herpes zoster oticus (Ramsay Hunt syndrome)?

<p>Pain, vesicles involving pinna/external auditory meatus, and facial nerve palsy</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is a possible cause of otalgia according to the text?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

When should ear swabs be done according to the text?

<p>Only for recurrent or chronic otitis externa</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which investigation is recommended for patients with associated hearing loss?

<p>Hearing tests</p> Signup and view all the answers

When is outpatient specialist referral indicated for otalgia?

<p>When the patient has persistent or unexplained otalgia with a normal examination</p> Signup and view all the answers

What examination can be performed by an otolaryngologist to exclude a lesion that may be a squamous cell cancer not visible to the GP?

<p>Flexible nasal endoscopy</p> Signup and view all the answers

When should referral to a dental or maxillofacial specialist be considered?

<p>When the symptoms appear to be odontogenic in cause</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should be done if the suspected diagnosis is not responding to the usual treatment within the normal time frame?

<p>Refer to a specialist</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of analgesia in the management of otalgia according to the text?

<p>It should be used in combination with other treatments</p> Signup and view all the answers

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