Constitutional Provisions for Minority Groups

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17 Questions

What is the definition of 'indigent' according to the Federal law?

A person who earns income less than that specified by the Federal law

What is the right of offspring in relation to ancestral property?

Equal right to the ancestral property without discrimination on the ground of gender

On what ground is discrimination not allowed with regard to remuneration and social security?

Gender

What is not allowed according to the constitution?

Censorship of news items

For which citizens are special provisions allowed by law?

The socially or culturally backward women, Dalit, indigenous people, indigenous nationalities, Madhesi, Tharu, Muslim, oppressed class, Pichhada class, minorities, marginalized, farmers, labours, youths, children, senior citizens, gender and sexual minorities, persons with disabilities, persons in pregnancy, incapacitated or helpless, backward region and indigent Khas Arya

Which of the following is a provision of the constitution?

No publication shall be censored

What is the fundamental right of every citizen regarding water and sanitation?

The right to access clean drinking water and sanitation

What does the right to food sovereignty imply?

The right to have control over food production and distribution in accordance with the law

What is the provision regarding eviction from a residence owned by a citizen?

Citizens can be evicted from their residence only in accordance with the law

What is the right of women in relation to property and family affairs?

Women have equal right to property and family affairs

What is the provision regarding violence or exploitation against women?

Such acts are punishable by law, and the victim has the right to obtain compensation

What is the principle of inclusion in relation to women's participation in the bodies of the State?

The principle of proportional inclusion

What is a fundamental right of every person in Nepal?

Right to live with dignity

What is a restriction on personal liberty in Nepal?

Except in accordance with law

Which of the following freedoms is not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution of Nepal?

Freedom to bear arms

What is a special provision for citizens in Nepal?

Maintenance of records of citizenship

What is a restriction on the law-making power of the government in Nepal?

No law shall be made providing for the death penalty

Study Notes

Fundamental Rights

  • The State shall not discriminate against its citizens on grounds of gender, caste, race, class, or geographic region.
  • Special provisions may be made for the protection, empowerment, and development of socially or culturally backward women, Dalits, indigenous people, and other marginalized groups.

Equality and Non-Discrimination

  • There shall be no discrimination on grounds of gender with regard to remuneration and social security for the same work.
  • All offspring have equal right to ancestral property without discrimination on grounds of gender.

Right to Communication

  • No publication or broadcasting of news items, editorials, features, or other materials shall be censored.
  • Citizens have the right of access to clean drinking water and sanitation.

Right to Food and Housing

  • Every citizen has the right to food and food sovereignty in accordance with law.
  • No citizen shall be deprived of food or forced to live in a state of scarcity.
  • Every citizen has the right to appropriate housing and shall not be evicted from their residence except in accordance with law.

Rights of Women

  • Women have equal lineage rights without gender-based discrimination.
  • Women have the right to safe motherhood and reproductive health.
  • Women shall not be subjected to physical, mental, sexual, psychological, or other forms of violence or exploitation.
  • Women have the right to participate in all bodies of the State on the basis of proportional inclusion and shall have special opportunities in education, health, employment, and social security.

Citizenship and Fundamental Rights

  • Every person has the right to live with dignity and shall not be deprived of their personal liberty except in accordance with law.
  • No law shall provide for the death penalty.
  • Citizens have the right to freedom of opinion and expression, assembly, forming political parties and unions, moving and residing in any part of Nepal, practicing any profession, and carrying on any occupation or business.

This quiz covers special provisions in the constitution for the protection and empowerment of various minority groups, including women, Dalits, indigenous people, and others.

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