Computer Hardware: System Unit and CPU
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Computer Hardware: System Unit and CPU

Learn about the system unit, also known as the chassis, which contains the computer's electronic components used to process data. Discover the importance of the CPU, RAM, and other components in the system unit.

Created by
@MagicEuler

Questions and Answers

What is the CPU often described as?

The brain of the computer

What is the unit of measurement for CPU speed?

Hertz

What is the function of RAM in a computer?

To hold instructions and data for processing

What is the system unit also called?

<p>Chassis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the clock speed of a 1.8 GHz processor compared to a 900 MHz processor?

<p>Twice the speed</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the type of processor used in laptops?

<p>Laptop processor</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of an operating system?

<p>To allow users to concentrate on their own tasks</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main purpose of utility programs?

<p>To support, enhance, or expand existing programs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a crucial function of an operating system in a computer?

<p>Providing a user interface</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a device driver responsible for?

<p>Helping the computer control peripheral devices</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an essential component of system software?

<p>Operating systems</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a function of operating system software?

<p>Providing networking capability</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of an Ethernet Port?

<p>To connect to a network and high-speed Internet</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of software manages a computer's internal and external resources?

<p>System software</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of a VGA Port?

<p>To connect a monitor to a computer's video card</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of software is developed to solve a particular problem for users?

<p>Application software</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary function of a Parallel Port?

<p>To connect scanners and printers</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of software directs a computer's processor to perform specific operations?

<p>Computer software</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an example of Presentation Software?

<p>Microsoft PowerPoint</p> Signup and view all the answers

What type of software is specifically written for a particular company or individual?

<p>Custom software</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary purpose of copyright in packaged software?

<p>To prohibit copying of the software without permission</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an example of Database Software?

<p>MySQL</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for software that is available for anyone to use, modify, and distribute?

<p>Public Domain software</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the term for software that is available for a fee, but the user can try it for a limited time before deciding to purchase?

<p>Shareware</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is public domain software?

<p>Software that is not protected by copyright and can be duplicated freely</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main purpose of freeware?

<p>To give something back to the community</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the difference between freeware and shareware?

<p>Freeware is free, while shareware requires payment</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is pirate software?

<p>Software that is obtained illegally, such as downloaded off the internet</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the two main categories of software?

<p>System software and application software</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an operating system (OS)?

<p>A set of computer programs that controls the computer hardware</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Types of Software

  • Public domain software: not protected by copyright, can be duplicated by anyone at will
  • Freeware: copyrighted computer software, made available for use free of charge, authors retain control of future development
  • Shareware: commercial software, copyrighted, can be copied for trial, payment required for continued use
  • Pirate software: software obtained illegally, e.g. downloaded from the internet, copied CD/DVD, or bought in a foreign market

Hardware Components

  • System unit (chassis): metal or plastic case housing a computer's electronic components
  • CPU (Central Processing Unit): the brain of the computer, processes instructions and data
  • CPU speed: measured by the number of completed instruction cycles per second, in Hertz (Hz)
  • RAM (Random Access Memory): holds instructions for processing data, processed data, and raw data

System Software

  • Three basic components: operating systems, utility programs, and device drivers
  • Operating systems: principal component of system software, provide resource management services, user interface, hardware independence, memory management, processing tasks, networking capability, and control access to system resources
  • Utility programs: small programs that support, enhance, or expand existing programs, perform tasks related to control, allocation, and maintenance of computer resources
  • Device drivers: help the computer control peripheral devices

Operating Systems

  • Every general-purpose computer must have an operating system to run other programs
  • Functions: perform common computer hardware functions, provide a user interface, provide hardware independence, manage system memory, manage processing tasks, provide networking capability, control access to system resources, and manage files
  • Examples: Microsoft Windows, macOS, Linux

Ports and Connectors

  • Ethernet Port: connects to a network and high-speed internet
  • Serial Ports: used for external modems and older computer mouse
  • Parallel Ports: used for scanners and printers
  • Universal Serial Bus (USB) Ports: connects all kinds of external USB devices
  • VGA Port: connects monitor to a computer's video card

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