Community Policing and Collaborative Problem-Solving Quiz

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47 Questions

What are durable relationships in the context of community policing?

Relationships that are strong, lasting, and endure through the pressures and changes of life, family, and neighborhood

In the Mobilization and Engagement Model of Community Policing, what does the red zone signify?

Neighborhoods with high levels of victimization, high crime, and social disorganization

What is the primary focus of community policing in the green zone according to the Mobilization and Engagement Model?

Identifying individuals, groups, and organizations to provide support and solve social disorder

What characterizes neighborhoods in the amber zone according to the Mobilization and Engagement Model?

Neighborhoods falling between the extremes of high victimization and minimal crime

What is community capacity building?

Strengthening and linking tangible and intangible resources of a neighborhood

What does police legitimacy refer to?

Neighbours' valuation of police actions and conduct in their neighborhood

What are criminogenic factors?

Community or personal characteristics signaling the probability of crime or social disorder

What is social capital?

Positive relationships between people enabling them to work together for the common good

What does procedural justice refer to?

Fairness or perceived fairness in procedures

What are durable relations?

Strong, lasting relationships enduring through life's pressures and changes

What is recidivism?

Reoffending that occurs after the completion of treatment or sanctions for previous criminal behavior

What is community cohesion?

Strong and positive relationships between people of different backgrounds, tackling community problems together

What are the three types of neighborhoods described in the text?

Green zone, amber zone, blue zone

What are the sources of social control mentioned in the text?

Family, friends, neighbors

What does social capital refer to in the context of the text?

Positive relationships enabling people to work together for common good

What is the role of the police in community policing, as mentioned in the text?

Adapting to changing demands, reconnecting broken neighborhoods, ensuring legitimacy and fairness

What factors does the community index measure, as mentioned in the text?

Social, health, economic, and psychological factors in communities

What is recidivism in the context of the text?

Reoffending after previous criminal sanctions

What are the social determinants of safety, as described in the text?

Protective factors impacting access to life qualities, regardless of socio-demographic differences

Which organizations are involved in community policing, according to the text?

Municipal, publicly funded, community organizations

What does community cohesion refer to, as mentioned in the text?

Positive relationships between people, tackling community problems together

In what way were Pre-Colonial Indigenous Societies organized, according to the text?

Organized as communal villages, with law based on commonly shared values for proper living

What is the impact of social disorder on policing costs, as mentioned in the text?

Increases policing costs

How is police legitimacy defined in the context of the text?

Neighbors' value of police actions and methods, affecting public cooperation

What does problem-oriented policing involve?

Analyzing and resolving underlying problems leading to repeat offenses and social disorder

How is police efficiency measured?

By the absence of crime and disorder

What do various policing models such as SARA, PARE, and CAPRA emphasize?

Problem identification, analysis, response, and assessment

In what areas are police effective according to the text?

Targeted enforcement, maintaining an active and visible presence, community engagement, and problem-solving

What are the primary duties of police officers outlined in the Police Act?

Preservation of peace, crime prevention, and apprehension of criminals

What do police associations or unions negotiate collective agreements on?

Working conditions, salaries, benefits, and rights of police officers

In which provinces are police boards not established?

Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, PEI, and Yukon

What is an area where police performance is lacking according to the text?

The DARE program and the use of enforcement to address social disorder

What do police boards represent?

Community interests

What does Quebec do regarding shared police services?

Creates shared police services when multiple municipalities agree

What are the social determinants of health acknowledged in the text?

Income, employment, education, childhood experiences, and access to health services

What is an area where police perform poorly according to the text?

Overreliance on enforcement, exhibiting bad manners, perpetuating systemic racism, and addressing social disorder

What is the commonly used approach by Canadian police agencies for problem-solving?

SARA (Scanning, Analysis, Response, Assessment)

What does flawed police problem analysis often result from?

Insufficient time, oversimplified models, and lack of consultation with local informants

What does management by consensus involve?

Majority rule in decision-making

What are the reasons for police collaboration?

Utilizing an expanded array of strategies and resources

What are the barriers to effective collaboration?

Systemic barriers, core differences among partners, tensions, and structural shortcomings

What do agency representatives need to engage in for effective collaboration?

Strategic planning, goal development, frequent communication, expertise utilization, and shared responsibility for funding

What percentage of community-based crime prevention initiatives involved police, according to the Australian Institute of Criminology?

69%

What does community-based, risk-focused problem solving involve?

Social development, prevention, and risk mitigation

How many principles are there for community safety planning?

Six

What are the names of the community-oriented units in the London Police?

Community Oriented Response Unit (C.O.R.), Community Outreach & Support Team (C.O.A.S.T.), and a diversity officer

What does Victim Services of Middlesex-London provide to victims of crime and tragic circumstances?

Practical assistance and emotional support, collaborating with police and emergency service personnel

Study Notes

Community Policing and Collaborative Problem-Solving

  • Traditional policing model has evolved to focus on community problem-solving and partnerships with other agencies and organizations
  • SARA (Scanning, Analysis, Response, Assessment) approach is commonly used by Canadian police agencies for problem-solving
  • Flawed police problem analysis influenced by factors such as insufficient time, oversimplified models, and lack of consultation with local informants
  • Management by consensus involves the majority rule in decision-making
  • Reasons for police collaboration include utilizing an expanded array of strategies and resources
  • Barriers to effective collaboration include systemic barriers, core differences among partners, tensions, and structural shortcomings
  • Agency representatives need to engage in strategic planning, develop goals, communicate often, draw on expertise, and share responsibility for funding
  • Australian Institute of Criminology found that 69% of community-based crime prevention initiatives involved police
  • Community-based, risk-focused problem solving involves social development, prevention, and risk mitigation
  • Six principles of community safety planning include highest authority publicly announcing commitment, effective communication, collaboration, risk-focused planning, asset-based planning, and data-driven, evidence-based planning
  • London Police has Community Oriented Response Unit (C.O.R.), Community Outreach & Support Team (C.O.A.S.T.), and a diversity officer
  • Victim Services of Middlesex-London provides practical assistance and emotional support to victims of crime and tragic circumstances, collaborating with police and emergency service personnel.

Test your knowledge of community policing and collaborative problem-solving with this quiz. Explore the evolution of policing models, the SARA approach, barriers to collaboration, and the principles of community safety planning. Learn about police partnerships, community-based crime prevention initiatives, and the roles of specialized units and victim services in supporting collaborative efforts.

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