Crime Prevention and Community Policing
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Crime Prevention and Community Policing

This lesson plan introduces crime prevention strategies and cooperation between law enforcement and communities to prevent criminal activity. It covers peace officer/community strategies in use for crime prevention.

Created by
@glhill06

Questions and Answers

What is the main objective of community crime prevention?

To reduce opportunities for criminal activities

What is the primary goal of preventive patrol?

To reduce the opportunity for criminal activity

What is an example of the Opportunity Reduction Model?

Removing buildings conducive to drug activity

What is the primary focus of the Informal Social Control Model?

<p>Using rewards and punishments to encourage conformity</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is Risk Avoidance an example of?

<p>Individual self-protection</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a characteristic of Community Policing?

<p>Citizen law enforcement cooperation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main goal of D.A.R.E.?

<p>To educate students about the dangers of drugs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an example of a collective approach to crime prevention?

<p>Neighborhood watch programs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main role of a D.A.R.E. officer?

<p>To educate students about the dangers of drugs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key component of problem-solving in law enforcement?

<p>Identifying and addressing community concerns</p> Signup and view all the answers

What does crime prevention require?

<p>Cooperative effort of both law enforcement and the community</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is emphasized in aggressive patrol performance?

<p>Proactive prevention of crimes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the components of crime prevention through environmental design?

<p>Household Target Hardening</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the focus of community policing?

<p>Maintaining closer ties with the community</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the goal of the D.A.R.E. program?

<p>Substance abuse education and control</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of preventive patrol?

<p>To prevent crime by reducing the opportunity to commit crime</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the initiatives of media and public education strategies?

<p>McGruff National Media Campaign</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a key factor in maximizing the effectiveness of preventive patrol?

<p>Aggressive patrol performance</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of building checks during business hours?

<p>To make crime prevention recommendations</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the focus of crime prevention through environmental design?

<p>Designing environments to prevent crime</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the steps in the process of doing community crime prevention?

<p>Define the problem</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the result of law enforcement recognizing the necessity of community ties?

<p>Law enforcement as an agent of community change</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of networking with community groups in preventive patrol enforcement?

<p>To exchange information, educate, and ask for help</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the outcome of community policing initiatives?

<p>Proactive law enforcement</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the ways to harden a home and prevent crime?

<p>Installing security cameras</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the benefit of street lighting in crime prevention?

<p>To discourage criminal activity due to increased visibility</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the school-based prevention initiatives?

<p>Law-related education</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of cameras and alarms in crime prevention?

<p>To identify and deter criminal activity</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary reason law enforcement is frequently featured in the media?

<p>To showcase the daily events that occur in communities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What can law enforcement agencies learn from others in their field?

<p>New ideas and shortcuts to successful programs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What was the role of the media in the McGruff and Daren the Lion programs?

<p>To instrumental in launching the programs</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is it important to network with other law enforcement agencies?

<p>To learn from others' mistakes and successes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is a potential benefit of learning from others' experiences in law enforcement?

<p>Improved community relationships</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary goal of identifying and cultivating a private citizen who knows what is happening on their block?

<p>To gather information about potential crimes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one of the conditions that create crime, according to Basic Patrol Procedures by Tim Perry?

<p>Opportunity to commit crime</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of checking high-risk places frequently?

<p>To get to know people who frequent these places</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one way to be a role model for newer officers?

<p>Groom yourself to be a role model</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is it important for law enforcement to be proactive in checking vacant homes and properties?

<p>To address community wellness and overall quality of life issues</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is one potential use of vacant homes and buildings by criminals?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

What should be done during the first check of a vacant home or building?

<p>Do so in the daytime during daylight conditions</p> Signup and view all the answers

Why is it important to work with the property owner or city/county building departments to have vacant buildings secured?

<p>To prevent the property from being used for illegal activities</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of the D.A.R.E. program?

<p>To provide delinquency prevention programs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary goal of the D.A.R.E. program?

<p>To reduce overall criminality and foster a positive image of law enforcement with young people</p> Signup and view all the answers

How do D.A.R.E. officers interact with students outside of the classroom?

<p>During school breaks and in the cafeteria</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the SARA model used for in community problem solving?

<p>To identify and respond to community problems</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is an example of a community group that D.A.R.E. officers work with?

<p>All of the above</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of analyzing calls for service data?

<p>To identify the types of calls for service and adjust patrol strategies accordingly</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the benefit of conducting interviews with residents in community problem solving?

<p>To gather information about the community's needs and concerns</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of crime statistics in community problem solving?

<p>To inform patrol patterns and scheduling</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of D.A.R.E. officers working with community groups?

<p>To address community problems and implement relevant programs</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the benefit of community involvement in the D.A.R.E. program?

<p>It provides an opportunity for leaders to make a positive impact</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the goal of community problem solving in law enforcement?

<p>To reduce crime and improve quality of life</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

Crime Prevention

  • Crime prevention is a cooperative effort between law enforcement and the community to discourage criminal activity.
  • Crime rates are heavily influenced by social forces in the community.

Strategic Models for Crime Prevention

  • Two basic strategic models:
    • Opportunity Reduction Model: focuses on removing or reducing opportunities for criminal activity.
    • Informal Social Control Model: uses rewards and punishments by community members to encourage conformity with local customs and norms.

Individual Self-Protection Strategies

  • Three cooperative strategies:
    • Risk Avoidance: proactive stance to remove criminal targeting methods.
    • Resistance and Self-Defense Activities: carrying objects of protection, being physically fit, and capable of yelling or running.
    • Victim Services: immediate access to counseling and medical care.

Collective Approaches to Crime Prevention

  • Six approaches:
    • Watch programs
    • Citizen patrols
    • Neighborhood organizations
    • Board counsels and commission
    • Social problems approach
    • Community policing

Community Policing

  • Four components:
    • Foot patrol
    • Neighborhood mini stations/community centers
    • Police organizing and outreach strategies
    • Analysis and mapping of crime-related dates

Crime Prevention through Environmental Design

  • Four components:
    • Household Target Hardening: making homes less penetrable.
    • Street Lighting: using higher lumens to discourage criminal activity.
    • Street Lighting and Traffic Patterns: identifying accessible areas.
    • Cameras and Alarms: using cameras for identification and alarms for shock and scare tactics.

Media and Public Education Strategies

  • Two initiatives:
    • McGruff National Media Campaign: using large motor homes to educate on crime prevention.
    • Crime Stoppers: identifying methods to harden homes and prevent crime.

School-Based Prevention Initiatives

  • Three initiatives:
    • Law-related education
    • Crime prevention and safety programs
    • Drug and alcohol abuse prevention

Process of Doing Community Crime Prevention

  • Four steps:
    • Define the problem
    • Develop the program
    • Implement and maintain the program
    • Evaluate and give feedback

Preventive Patrol

  • Purpose: to prevent crime by reducing opportunities to commit crime.
  • Eight approaches to maximize effectiveness:
    • Traffic stops
    • Building checks
    • Pedestrian checks
    • Resistance checks
    • Vehicle license checks
    • Networking with community groups
    • Reducing opportunities for crime
    • Seeking out and correcting conditions that breed crime

Role Models

  • Learn from the success of others
  • Choose role models who generate respect from commanders, peers, and the public

Checking Security of Vacant Homes and Property

  • Steps to check a vacant home/building:
    • First check during daytime
    • Alternate times of day for subsequent checks
    • Work with property owners or city/county building departments to secure properties
    • Observe doors and windows for signs of tampering
    • Perform checks with a partner whenever possible

DARE Program

  • Purpose: to reduce abuse of drugs, demand for drugs, and overall criminality while fostering a positive image of law enforcement.
  • Community involvement:
    • Officers work with various community groups to address community problems
    • Program is found in local law enforcement, school boards, Chambers of Commerce, and business/professional organizations

Community Problem Solving

  • SARA model:
    • Scanning: identify the problem
    • Analysis: understand the nature, scope, courses, victims, and social/physical components
    • Response: develop a course of action
    • Analysis: evaluate the effectiveness of the response

Patrol Methods

  • Six methods:
    • Foot patrol
    • Bicycle patrol
    • Community meetings
    • Community councils
    • Satellite police stations
    • Community newsletters

Innovative Patrol Strategies

  • Sources for information:
    • Calls for service data
    • Crime statistics
    • Interviews with residents
    • Media
    • Other peace officers

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