Clinical Laboratory Terminologies Quiz
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Clinical Laboratory Terminologies Quiz

Test your knowledge of clinical laboratory terminologies related to coagulation factors, kidney function tests, liver function tests, cellular components, RBC functions, and more. Explore terms like BUN, Urea, Creatinine, AST, GGT, HbA1C, and glycoproteins.

Created by
@EntertainingBoltzmann

Questions and Answers

What is the function of blood in the human body?

Blood transports nutrients, wastes, hormones, and body heat.

Name the protein found in blood that carries iron and is produced by the liver.

Hemoglobin

What are the three major types of blood vessels and which one carries blood away from the heart?

Arteries, veins, capillaries; Arteries carry blood away from the heart.

What percentage of blood is composed of formed elements?

<p>45%</p> Signup and view all the answers

Name three waste products found in blood plasma.

<p>Creatinine, BUN, urea</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the composition of plasma in terms of its major components?

<p>Water, electrolytes, proteins, waste products, and nutrients</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the waste products used to test kidney function?

<p>BUN, Urea, Creatinine</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the waste products used to test liver function?

<p>AST, GGT, TPAG, ALT</p> Signup and view all the answers

What substance is present in coagulation factors, and what does it become when clotted?

<p>GERON; meron</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of RBC in the body?

<p>Carries oxygen, nutrients, and wastes</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is HbA1C testing used for?

<p>Glycated hemoglobin (test sugar 2-3 months)</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the cellular components affected in anemia?

<p>Decreased levels of RBC</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the function of plasma isotonicity in the body?

<p>To maintain the integrity of blood vessels</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are RBC indices used for?

<p>To evaluate the size and hemoglobin content of red blood cells</p> Signup and view all the answers

How does calcium play a role in coagulation?

<p>Calcium is required for the activation of various coagulation factors in the blood clotting cascade.</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the role of fibrinogen in blood clotting?

<p>Fibrinogen is converted to fibrin during the coagulation process, forming a mesh that traps blood cells to stop bleeding.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which waste products are commonly measured in kidney and liver function tests?

<p>Creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN)</p> Signup and view all the answers

How is serum different from plasma in terms of fibrinogen content?

<p>Serum is devoid of fibrinogen, while plasma contains fibrinogen.</p> Signup and view all the answers

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