Child Development and Intellectual Disability

SensitiveFractal avatar
SensitiveFractal
·
·
Download

Start Quiz

Study Flashcards

10 Questions

What is a common characteristic of individuals with Intellectual Disability in terms of social skills?

Poor social perceptions and response to social cues

What is a common indicator of poor emotional development in individuals with Intellectual Disability?

Aggressiveness under stress

At what age are children with severe and profound Intellectual Disability usually identified?

Before they reach school age

What is a common characteristic of individuals with Intellectual Disability in terms of language skills?

Poor language skills to understand directions

What is a common indicator of delayed academic development in individuals with Intellectual Disability?

Difficulty blending letter sounds

What is a common characteristic of individuals with Intellectual Disability in terms of self-care skills?

Poor self-care skills in personal hygiene and dress

What is a common indicator of poor social skills in individuals with Intellectual Disability?

Poor response to teachers

At what stage do children with mild Intellectual Disability usually exhibit obvious retardation?

During formal schooling

What is a common characteristic of individuals with Intellectual Disability in terms of time use?

Poor monitoring of time use

What is a common indicator of poor academic development in individuals with Intellectual Disability?

Difficulty with blending letter sounds and recalling content

Study Notes

Characteristics of Children with Intellectual Disability

  • Ability to make relative comparisons is limited
  • Imitation skills are delayed or need specific instruction and practice
  • Speech articulation errors, voice disorders, and stuttering are common problems
  • Academic performance is poor, with repeated failure and frustration leading to falling behind
  • Social and emotional behaviors are immature, antisocial, and odd, leading to social isolation
  • Physical and motor development is normal, with no significant impairments

Factors Contributing to Intellectual Disability

  • Environmental influences (psychological deprivation, sensory deprivation, neglect, malnutrition, and complications of severe mental disorders)
  • Lack of reinforcement for desired behaviors or punishment for specific behaviors
  • Reinforcement of dysfunctional behavior patterns

Developmental Characteristics

  • Slow rate of learning and delays in cognitive, motor, social development, self-help skills, language use, and academic readiness skills
  • Delays of 1 to 3 years in various curriculum domains
  • Short attention span and deficits in memory, especially short-term memory processes
  • Difficulty in applying information in new situations and discriminating between materials
  • Poor social skills, poor response to social cues, and poor language skills
  • Poor emotional development, leading to avoidance of school work, chronic complaints, and aggression
  • Delayed academic development, including reading, math, and information recall

Identification

  • Children with severe and profound Intellectual Disability are identified before school age
  • Delayed development becomes obvious in students with mild Intellectual Disability when they start formal schooling

This quiz assesses understanding of child development, including skills such as relativity and imitation, and the differences in development for children with intellectual disabilities.

Make Your Own Quizzes and Flashcards

Convert your notes into interactive study material.

More Quizzes Like This

Use Quizgecko on...
Browser
Browser