Chapter 2: Methods 1 The Scientific Method and Research Ethics with Humans

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11 Questions

What is the first step in the Scientific Method?

Identify the problem

Which ethical principle involves doing no harm and maximizing benefits?

Principle A: Beneficence and Nonmaleficence

What is a key consideration for participants with decisional impairment to be involved in research?

Informed consent from parent or guardian and assent from participant

Which step follows 'Analyzing data and formulating conclusions' in the Scientific Method?

Restart the process

What does Principle E of the APA ethical principles emphasize regarding research participants?

Respecting the rights and dignity of participants

What is the Hawthorne Effect?

Behavioural reactivity where a person changes their behaviour as a result of being observed

What does internal validity refer to in research?

The degree to which results can be attributed to the independent variable and not other explanations

Which statistical measure provides information about the spread of data around the mean?

Standard deviation

What is the purpose of descriptive statistics in analyzing data?

To describe the central tendency of the data

What does external validity in research refer to?

The degree to which results can be generalized to other people, settings, and times

What does a correlation coefficient of +1 indicate?

A perfect positive linear relationship between variables

Test your knowledge on the steps of the scientific method and ethical principles when conducting research with humans. Covers identifying problems, generating hypotheses, conducting experiments, analyzing data, ethical principles such as beneficence, integrity, and respect for individuals.

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