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Cell Biology Quiz

Test your knowledge of cell biology with this quiz! Explore the functions of the Golgi apparatus, DNA polymerase, and mitochondria. See how well you understand these essential components of cellular function.

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Questions and Answers

Which of the following is a function of the Golgi apparatus in a cell?

Synthesizing carbohydrates and packaging macromolecules for transport

Which of the following best describes the function of the enzyme DNA polymerase?

Catalyzing the synthesis of new DNA strands by adding nucleotides to a pre-existing strand

What is the primary function of the mitochondria in a cell?

Generating ATP through cellular respiration

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Study Notes

Cellular Functions

  • The Golgi apparatus is responsible for processing and modifying proteins and lipids synthesized by the endoplasmic reticulum, and packaging them for transport to other parts of the cell or for secretion outside the cell.

DNA Replication

  • DNA polymerase is an enzyme that synthesizes new DNA strands by adding nucleotides to a template strand, ensuring accurate replication of genetic material.

Cellular Energy Production

  • The primary function of mitochondria is to generate energy for the cell through cellular respiration, producing ATP (adenosine triphosphate) from the energy released by the breakdown of nutrients.

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