CBSE Class 8 Social Science History Notes Chapter 5 Quiz

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10 Questions

What was the fate of Awadh according to the text?

It was one of the last territories to be annexed by the Company

What did Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi want from the Company?

Recognition of her adopted son as the heir to the kingdom

What did Governor-General Dalhousie announce in 1849 regarding the Mughal dynasty?

He announced the end of the Mughal dynasty after Bahadur Shah Zafar's death

What was the reason behind many ruling families negotiating with the Company?

To protect their authority and power

In what year was a subsidiary alliance imposed on Awadh?


What was the main reason for the rebellion in May 1857?

Imposition of new laws by the British East India Company

What was the significance of Mangal Pandey's hanging on 29 March 1857?

It marked the beginning of the rebellion against colonial rule

What action did the English East India Company take in response to the refusal of sepoys in Meerut to use new cartridges?

Dismissed eighty-five sepoys from service and sentenced them to ten years in jail

Why did Bahadur Shah Zafar write letters to all the chiefs?

To seek support for a rebellion against the British rule

What was considered as the biggest armed resistance to colonialism in the nineteenth century?

The rebellion in May 1857 beginning from Meerut

Study Notes

The Fate of Awadh and the Rebellion of 1857

  • Awadh was annexed by the English East India Company in 1856.

Rani Lakshmibai's Demands

  • Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi wanted the British to recognize her adopted son as the rightful heir to the throne.

The Mughal Dynasty

  • In 1849, Governor-General Dalhousie announced the end of the Mughal dynasty, which led to the British annexation of Awadh.

The Reason Behind Negotiations

  • Many ruling families negotiated with the Company because they were financially weak and relied on the British for support.

Awadh Under Subsidiary Alliance

  • In 1801, a subsidiary alliance was imposed on Awadh, making it a vassal state of the British.

The Rebellion of 1857

  • The main reason for the rebellion in May 1857 was the introduction of the new cartridges that were believed to be greased with cow and pig fat, which offended both Hindu and Muslim sentiments.

Mangal Pandey's Hanging

  • The hanging of Mangal Pandey on 29 March 1857 sparked widespread outrage and was seen as a symbol of British brutality.

The Response to Sepoys' Refusal

  • When the sepoys in Meerut refused to use the new cartridges, the British East India Company responded by disarming and imprisoning them.

Bahadur Shah Zafar's Letters

  • Bahadur Shah Zafar wrote letters to all the chiefs, calling for a united resistance against the British.

The Significance of the Rebellion

  • The Rebellion of 1857 was considered the biggest armed resistance to colonialism in the nineteenth century.

Test your knowledge on the content from Chapter 5 - When People Rebel in CBSE Class 8 Social Science History. This quiz covers topics such as policies and the people, peasants and the sepoys, fight between the Company and nawabs and rajas, and more.

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