CBSE Class 8 Geography: Industries
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CBSE Class 8 Geography: Industries

Explore the manufacturing process of everyday items like notebooks in Chapter 5 (now Chapter 4) of Class 8 Social Science Geography. Learn about the journey from tree to wood pulp to the final product, as per the CBSE Syllabus 2023-24.

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Questions and Answers

Which type of industry uses plant and animal-based products as raw materials?

Agro-based industries

Which sector of industries is owned and operated by individuals or a group of individuals?

Private Sector Industries

Which industry classification is based on the amount of capital invested, the number of people employed, and the volume of production?

Classification based on Size

An example of a cooperative sector industry is __________.

<p>Anand Milk Union Limited</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the primary raw material used in mineral-based industries?

<p>Mineral ores</p> Signup and view all the answers

What are the different classifications of industries based on raw materials? Provide examples for each classification.

<p>Industries are classified based on raw materials into agro-based, mineral-based, marine-based, and forest-based. Examples include food processing for agro-based, iron and steel for mineral-based, seafood processing for marine-based, and pulp and paper for forest-based industries.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Explain the characteristics and examples of cottage industries.

<p>Cottage industries involve products manufactured by hand by artisans. Examples include basket weaving, pottery, and other handicrafts.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Differentiate between small-scale and large-scale industries based on capital investment, technology, and production volume. Provide examples for each type.

<p>Small-scale industries use lesser capital and technology, while large-scale industries have higher capital investment and superior technology. For example, silk weaving and food processing are small-scale industries, whereas automobile and heavy machinery production are large-scale industries.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Discuss the various ownership classifications of industries. Give examples for private sector, public sector, joint sector, and cooperative sector industries.

<p>Industries can be classified based on ownership into private sector (owned by individuals), public sector (government-owned), joint sector (state and individual-owned), and cooperative sector (owned by producers or workers). Examples include Hindustan Aeronautics Limited for public sector and Anand Milk Union Limited for cooperative sector.</p> Signup and view all the answers

Explain the factors affecting the location of industries. List at least five key factors.

<p>The location of industries is influenced by factors such as raw material availability, land, water, labor, power, and capital.</p> Signup and view all the answers

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