Cardiovascular Assessment: Vital Signs and Heart Functions

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28 Questions

What is the main function of the external jugular in the anatomy and physiology of the heart?

Drains blood to the nervous lower central system and extremities

What is the layer of the heart in contact with the blood?

Inner layer

What is the valve that carries unoxygenated blood from the body to the heart?

Tricuspid valve

Which vessel carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the body?

Aorta

What is the purpose of the cardiovascular examination?

To perform a physical examination of the heart and great vessels

What is the term for the inflammation of the outermost layer of the heart?

Pericarditis

What is the term for the contraction of the heart muscle?

Systole

What is the primary function of the semilunar valves in the heart?

To regulate the flow of blood from the ventricles into the aorta and pulmonary arteries

Where is the point of maximal impulse located in the surface anatomy of the heart?

At the apex of the heart

What is the term for the relaxation phase of the cardiac cycle?

Diastole

What is the primary function of the atrioventricular valves in the heart?

To prevent backflow from the ventricles into the atria

What is the term for the electrical signal that stimulates the heart to pump?

Pacemaker signal

What is the primary function of the atrium in the heart?

To contract and pump blood to the ventricles

What is a common symptom of right heart failure?

Edema of extremities

What is the term for the pressure exerted by fluid in the blood vessels?

Hydrostatic pressure

What is the term for the absence of pumping action of the heart?

Asystole

What is the term for the return of blood from the body to the heart?

Venous return

What is the term for the pain or discomfort in the chest or arm?

Chest pain or discomfort

During physical examination, what is the recommended position for the patient during inspection and palpation of the carotid artery?

Sitting position

What is the purpose of using tangential lighting during inspection of the jugular vein?

To assess the degree of venous distention

During auscultation of the heart, what is the location of the aortic valve area?

Second right interspace

What is the normal amplitude and contour of the carotid artery pulse?

Moderate and smooth

What is the significance of a thrill during palpation of the carotid artery?

Sign of arterial blockage

What is the purpose of the abdominojugular test?

To diagnose heart failure

What is the recommended angle for the patient's position during measurement of the jugular venous distention?

30-45 degrees

What is the normal vertical height of the jugular venous distention?

Less than 4 cm

During palpation of the precordium, what is the purpose of using the ball of the hand?

To feel the apical impulse

What is the significance of a bruit during auscultation of the carotid artery?

Sign of arterial obstruction

Test your knowledge of cardiovascular assessment, including vital signs, heart structure and functions, electrical conduction system, and heart sounds. Learn about the equipment needed to perform a cardiovascular examination.

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