Carcinogenesis Pre-learning

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24 Questions

Which term is used to describe an abnormal mass of tissue with uncoordinated and excessive growth?

Neoplasia

Which term is used for a malignant tumor of epithelial cell origin?

Carcinoma

Which term is used for a malignant tumor of mesodermal/mesenchymal origin, such as muscle, cartilage, or bone?

Sarcoma

What is the characteristic of benign tumors?

Remain localized at their site of origin

Which gene is a tumor suppressor gene associated with many types of cancer?

p53

Which gene is an oncogene commonly associated with cancer?

Ras

What is the term for the process by which tumors spread to distant sites?

Metastasis

Which characteristic of cancer is associated with the Warburg effect?

Altered cellular metabolism

Which virus is associated with the development of cervical cancer?

HPV

What is the term used for a new growth characterized by uncoordinated and excessive growth?

Neoplasia

What is the extent to which neoplastic parenchymal cells resemble corresponding normal parenchymal cells both morphologically and functionally?

Differentiation

What is a characteristic of benign tumors?

Encapsulation

What is a characteristic of malignant tumors?

Local invasion

What is a feature of anaplasia?

Presence of tumor giant cells

What is the term for migration of tumors to distant tissues via lymphatics or blood vessels?

Metastasis

What is the characteristic of malignant tumors in addition to anaplasia?

Local invasion

What is a characteristic of benign tumors in addition to well differentiation?

Minimal mitotic figures

What is the rate of growth for malignant tumors?

Erratic, may be slow to rapid

What is the characteristic of malignant tumors in addition to anaplasia and local invasion?

Frequent

What is the term for the migration of tumors to distant tissues via lymphatics or blood vessels?

Metastasis

Which of the following describes the replacement of one type of differentiated cell with another type?

Metaplasia

Which of the following is among the most common cancers in men?

Lung

What of the following cancers is included in the top 3 cancers than affect men and women?

Lung

Which type of cancer has the highest death rate for both men and women?

Lung

Test your knowledge of carcinogenesis and tumor characteristics with this quiz. Explore key concepts such as risk factors, tumor progression, oncogenes, and tumor suppressor genes. Ideal for students of pathology, biology, or medical sciences.

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