Carbohydrates

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5 Questions

What is the term most commonly used in biochemistry as a synonym of saccharide?

Carbohydrate

Which biomolecule consists of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1?

Carbohydrate

Which group includes sugars, starch, and cellulose?

Polysaccharides

What suffix is often used for the names of monosaccharides and disaccharides?

-ose

Which of the following is not automatically classified as a carbohydrate, despite conforming to the stoichiometric definition?

Formaldehyde

Study Notes

Carbohydrate Terminology

  • The term "carbohydrate" is commonly used as a synonym for "saccharide" in biochemistry.

Composition of Carbohydrates

  • Carbohydrates are biomolecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms, typically with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1.

Classification of Carbohydrates

  • Sugars, starch, and cellulose are classified under the group of carbohydrates.

Nomenclature of Carbohydrates

  • The suffix "-ose" is often used for the names of monosaccharides and disaccharides.

Exceptions to Carbohydrate Classification

  • Not all compounds that conform to the stoichiometric definition of a carbohydrate are automatically classified as carbohydrates.

Carbohydrates Quiz: Test your knowledge on the properties and structure of carbohydrates, including their chemical composition and empirical formula. Explore the diverse functions and types of carbohydrates in living organisms.

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