BMS2043 Analytical and Clinical Biochemistry: Electrophoresis Quiz
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BMS2043 Analytical and Clinical Biochemistry: Electrophoresis Quiz

Test your knowledge on the differences between types of electrophoresis and their uses, including agarose electrophoresis, SDS-PAGE, capillary electrophoresis, and Western blotting. This quiz covers topics such as assessing DNA, RNA, and protein purity, characterizing proteins, and isolating peptides, DNA, and RNA.

Created by
@CongratulatoryIntelligence5915

Questions and Answers

What is the primary purpose of using electrophoresis?

All of the above

Which type of electrophoresis is best suited for the separation of small molecules?

Capillary electrophoresis

What is the primary factor that determines the speed of migration (mobility) of molecules during electrophoresis?

The charge of the molecules

Which type of electrophoresis is commonly used for the separation and analysis of proteins?

<p>SDS-PAGE</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which of the following is NOT a common application of electrophoresis?

<p>Structural analysis of small organic molecules</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the main advantage of capillary electrophoresis over other types of electrophoresis?

<p>Higher resolution and faster separation</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of loading dye in agarose gel electrophoresis?

<p>To enable visualization of sample migration</p> Signup and view all the answers

In SDS-PAGE, what is the function of SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate)?

<p>To denature proteins</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which type of gel electrophoresis is based on iso-electric points (pI)?

<p>Isoelectric focussing gels</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of immunoblotting (Western blotting) in protein analysis?

<p>To visualize protein bands</p> Signup and view all the answers

Which method would be most suitable for separating DNA fragments based on size?

<p>Capillary electrophoresis</p> Signup and view all the answers

What is the purpose of stacking gel in SDS-PAGE?

<p>To concentrate proteins at the beginning of the resolving gel</p> Signup and view all the answers

Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis has a larger pore size compared to agarose gel electrophoresis.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Capillary electrophoresis uses a wide capillary with buffer for separation.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

In electrophoresis, smaller and less charged molecules move faster than larger and more charged molecules.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

The primary application of DNA sequencing is clinical diagnosis.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Agarose gel electrophoresis is commonly used for protein analysis.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Western blotting is a type of capillary electrophoresis technique.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Agarose gel electrophoresis is only suitable for the separation of proteins and not DNA or RNA.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The resolving gel in a discontinuous SDS-PAGE system has a higher pH than the stacking gel.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

The molecular weight of a protein can be determined using $e^{-0.3M_r}$ as the relationship between electrophoretic mobility and molecular weight in SDS-PAGE.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

Isoelectric focusing gels are used to separate proteins based on their isoelectric point (pI), while 2D PAGE gels are used to separate proteins based on both their molecular weight and charge.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

Capillary electrophoresis is less sensitive than traditional gel-based electrophoresis for the separation and analysis of DNA samples.

<p>False</p> Signup and view all the answers

The main function of SDS (sodium dodecyl sulfate) in SDS-PAGE is to denature proteins and impart a uniform negative charge, allowing for separation based solely on molecular weight.

<p>True</p> Signup and view all the answers

Study Notes

  • Electrophoresis is a technique that uses an electrical field to separate molecules based on their size, charge, and mobility in different types of gels such as agarose, polyacrylamide, and capillary.
  • Different types of electrophoresis include agarose gel electrophoresis for DNA, SDS-PAGE for proteins, and capillary electrophoresis for high-resolution and fast separation.
  • Applications of electrophoresis include DNA fingerprinting, DNA sequencing, protein analysis, clinical diagnosis, and pharmaceutical development for characterizing biologics like antibodies and vaccines.
  • Agarose gel electrophoresis is used for DNA and RNA analysis, with pore sizes ranging from 0.5%-2%, and it involves loading dye, staining with Ethidium bromide, and size determination.
  • SDS-PAGE is a method for protein analysis using a polyacrylamide gel with SDS to denature proteins, a discontinuous buffer system, and staining with Coomassie blue for size determination.
  • Other types of gels used in electrophoresis include non-denaturing/native gels for protein identification, gradient gels for complex mixtures, and isoelectric focusing gels based on iso-electric points.
  • Techniques like immunoblotting (Western blotting) involve transferring products to a membrane for further investigation with antibodies, while capillary electrophoresis is used for DNA sequencing and separating metabolites.

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