Biology: Tissue and Organ Hierarchy

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What is tissue in biology?

Tissue is an assembly of similar cells and their extracellular matrix from the same embryonic origin that together carry out a specific function.

What is histology?

The study of tissues.

Who is considered the 'Father of Histology'?

Xavier Bichat.

How are plant tissues categorized in plant anatomy?

Plant tissues are categorized broadly into three tissue systems: the epidermis, the ground tissue, and the vascular tissue.

What are the classical tools for studying tissues?

The paraffin block in which tissue is embedded and then sectioned, the histological stain, and the optical microscope.

Study Notes

Tissue in Biology

  • Tissue is a group of similar cells that perform a specific function together in an organism.


  • Histology is the study of the microscopic anatomy of cells and tissues in plants and animals.

Father of Histology

  • Marcello Malpighi is considered the 'Father of Histology' due to his pioneering work in the field.

Plant Tissue Categorization

  • In plant anatomy, tissues are categorized into three main types: dermal, ground, and vascular tissues.

Classical Tools for Studying Tissues

  • Microscopes and staining techniques are classical tools used to study tissues in histology.

Test your knowledge of the biological organizational levels between cells and complete organs, from tissues to organ systems. Explore the assembly of similar cells, extracellular matrix, and the functional grouping of tissues to form organs.

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